During the architectural planning of modern, complex, block-structured, large-area located, but still landscape-harmonized health-care buildings, the key is the optimal positioning of the blocks and functions, simultaneously ensuring the most-effective backup-paths for any single transportation route failure in the buildings to speed up the operation, reduce the maintenance costs and especially to improve the satisfaction of the patients. Mathematical statements are to be solved with multiple serious challenges when formulating the positioning problem with resilience to the buildings for any single failure. An innovative graph representation referred as link doubling is presented where Minimal cost multi commodity flow problems could be solved.
Authors:V. Singh, N. Guizani, I. Al-Zakwani, Q. Al-Shamsi, A. Al-Alawi and M.S. Rahman
Eight descriptive sensory textural attributes of whole date fruit were evaluated by twenty trained panel members and correlated with sixteen physicochemical properties. All sensory parameters, except gumminess, significantly correlated (Ps<0.05) with pectin, crude fibre, and moisture content. In addition, sensory hardness, cohesiveness, elasticity, and resilience correlated significantly with length of whole fruit (P<0.05), sensory adhesiveness with glucose content (P<0.05), sensory chewiness with mass of whole fruit (P<0.05), and sensory gumminess with fructose, glucose, and total sugar content (P<0.10). Sweetness, however, correlated only with moisture content (P<0.05). CA and the biplot (i.e. including all products, their sensory texture and physicochemical attributes) generated through PCA recognized three groups of dates as hard-chewy, soft-(medium-chewy), and soft-(non-adhesive).
‘built‐in ‘resilience: towards overarching principles for construction practice , Disasters , Vol. 35 , No. 1 , 2011 , pp. 1 ‒ 18 . 10.1111/j.1467-7717.2010.01189.x  Faherty K. F. , Williamson T. G. Wood engineering and construction