introduction of concepts such as resilience and vulnerability; (b) shifting their concern from human impacts and availability of natural resources to a more balanced position that puts human and social capital at the center; and (c) embedding research in the
). Academic search engine spam and Google Scholar's resilience against it . Journal of Electronic Publishing , 13 ( 3 ). http://quod.lib.umich.edu/j/jep/3336451.0013.305?rgn=main;view=fulltext . doi: 10
despite interdisciplinary trends within the natural sciences. Previous research has also shown that the integration of resilience, vulnerability and adaptation is weak in the human dimension of climate change (Janssen et al. 2006 ).
heterogeneity has a significant impact on network properties and operations such as network resilience (Albert et al. 2000 , 2004 ), network navigation, local search (Adamic et al. 2001 ), and epidemiological characteristics (Pastor-Satorras and Vespignani
Authors:Md. Dulal Hossain, Junghoon Moon, Hyoung Goo Kang, Sung Chul Lee and Young Chan Choe
freedom in the international dimension and may show resilience regarding government intervention.
Bangladesh R&D innovation system can be considered as undergoing process of institutionalizing S&T through the complex construct of integrating and
We analyse the statistical properties a database of musical notes for the purpose of designing an information retrieval system
as part of the Musifind project. In order to reduce the amount of musical information we convert the database to the intervals
between notes, which will make the database easier to search. We also investigate a further simplification by creating equivalence
classes of musical intervals which also increases the resilience of searches to errors in the query. The Zipf, Zipf-Mandelbrot,
Generalized Waring (GW) and Generalized Inverse Gaussian-Poisson (GIGP) distributions are tested against these various representations
with the GIGP distribution providing the best overall fit for the data. There are many similarities with text databases, especially
those with short bibliographic records. There are also some differences, particularly in the highest frequency intervals which
occur with a much lower frequency than the highest frequency “stopwords” in a text database. This provides evidence to support
the hypothesis that traditional text retrieval methods will work for a music database.