As it is generally accepted by main researchers in the field of Slavic loanwords of the Hungarian language, practically no East Slavic influence can be detected on the oldest layer of the Slavic borrowings. New etymologies established in some cases reflect East Slavic pleophony, and the analysis of well-known Slavic loanwords with TorT, TolT, TerT, TelT can give a new look at the whole body of Slavic borrowings. Pleophony seems one of the main criteria to establish an opposition between East Slavic loanwords on the one hand and South and West Slavic borrowings on the other. The material of our research requires a new classification in the corpus of Slavic loanwords in Hungarian.
The paper outlines some trends in the development of Hungarian civil law since the political changes. The role of certain social factors having an effect on civil law and trends in court practice are focused upon. In the law of torts the decline of the respect of the State seems to have an importance in recent chases. In the field of contract law problems connected with different kinds of risks are reflected. Both property law and contact law have been concerned in cases where principles of the protection of the owner and those of the protection of bona fide purchaser has been in contradiction. As a result of the growing importance of credit the role of secured transactions has increased.
Authors:C. Díaz Romero, S. Tort, E. Díaz, and J.P. Pérez-Trujillo
Samples of sweet wines from the Canary Islands belonging to the Denominations of Origin of La Palma and Lanzarote islands were analysed in relation to chemical parameters. The main chemical parameters analysed demonstrated that these wines fulfil all the legal requirements, since the content of all components tested falls below the maximum concentration admissible. Applying techniques of multivariate analysis (principal component, discriminant and cluster analysis), a complete differentiation could be achieved between the wines according to the island of production using only alcohol degree and isobutanol, which are chemical parameters related to the elaboration process.
liability for tort. [Az orvos kártérítési felelősségének egyes kérdései.] Bírósági Döntvények Tára, 2008, 10, 3–4. [Hungarian]
Memorandum of Civil College of Supreme Court V. In: Juhasz, L. (ed.): Principled decisions of the
Authors:S. Landsberger, A. Simsons, J. Kramer, J. Drake, S. Vermette, B. Shuter, and P. Ihssen
Instrumental neutron activation analysis has been successfully employed in three distrinct acid precipitation studies. These include the determination of ten (Al, Br, Ca, Cl, Cu, I, Mg, Mn, Na and V) elements in urban rainfall, elevated aluminum concentrations in acidified lakes and major ions (Ca, Cl, K, Mg and Na) in small-mouth bass kept in controlled pH environments. Quality control was assured by analyzing two certified standard reference materials prepared by the National Bureau of Standards (NBS 1643a) and National Research Council of Canada (hepatopancreas TORT-1 marine biological tissue).
The assessment of environmental pollution of the coastal areas of the Malaysian Peninsula was done by analyzing the contents of the heavy and trace elements in the bivalves blood clams (Anadara granosa) and green mussels (Perna viridis) and sediments at twenty-two sampling stations to look for prevailing trends. Heavy and trace elements analyzed in this study were As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Pb, Se and Zn. Two techniques, namely the neutron activation analysis (NAA) and atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS) were used in the quantitative determination of the heavy metals while Marine Sediment Reference Material (BCSS) and Lobster Hepatopancreas (TORT-1) provided the certified reference materials in the quality assurance control. The potential use of these bivalves as suitable bio-indicators was evaluated from correlation tests based on the concentrations of heavy and trace elements in the sediment-metals system to those in the bivalves.
section 27(4) of the Trademark Act, as amended in 2005, provides enforcement against intermediaries whose services are used by a third party (that is usually the infringer itself) for the infringement. In the HYUNDAI case the registrars of the domain names, trusted by the resellers of cars having formerly been members of the HYUNDAI commercial chain in Hungary, were sued together with the resellers for the reason that they did not cancel the registration of the domain names after the commercial chain had been ceased. The Hungarian courts of first and second instance built their judgements on the ECJ’s BMW judgement (C-63/97). Emphasis is given also on a case relating to infringement by an operator of an Internet home page, as the latter was condemned by the Hungarian Court of first instance for not complying with the Act on Electronic Commerce. Nevertheless, the court of second instance condemned him not therefore but for the tort in respect of the provisions of the Civil Code, e.g. for injury of reputation. Finally, the article is closed by an outlook on ideas on the development of EC law relating to liability of intermediaries.
In the past decades due to changed technical advances, features of the personality have become economically exploitable to an extent not previously known. Pop stars, TV celebrities as well as famous athletes have sought protection against the commercial use of their images, names and likenesses without their consent.1 Despite the economic value of personality and image rights, there is currently no international standard or agreed legal concept for recognising an image right. While many jurisdictions, for example, the US, Germany, France and Hungary offer express statutory protection against the unauthorised commercial use of an individual’s image by a third party in the context of publicity or personality rights, English law provides no cause of action for the infringement of image rights as such. Although a celebrity may currently obtain protection through various statutory and common law rights, such as the developing law of privacy, trade mark law breach of confidence and, in particular, the tort of passing off, none of these rights were designed to protect image or personality rights.2 In this context, this article explores the potentially enforceable rights, their benefits and practical strategies to protect name and image rights in the UK3 and Hungary.