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A bibliometric analysis was performed to assess the quantitative trend of Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA) treatment research, including intravenous injection of indomethacin and surgery. The documents studied were retrieved from the Science Citation Index (SCI) for the period from 1991 to 2002. The publication pattern concerning authorship, collaboration, original countries, citation frequency, document type, language of publication, distribution of journals, page count and the most frequently cited papers were performed. The results indicated that either treatment was not the recent emphasis of PDA research. The publishing countries of both treatments have also denoted that these researches were mostly done in Europe and North America. Both surgery and drug treatments had few international collaboration papers. English was the dominant language, and collaboration of two to six authors was the most popular level of co-authorship.

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Scientometrics
Authors: Jun Yuan, Wei Yue, Cheng Su, Zheng Wu, Zheng Ma, Yun Pan, Nan Ma, Zhi Hu, Fei Shi, Zheng Yu and Yi Wu

Abstract  

This research intends to investigate the patent activity on water pollution and treatment in China (1985–2007), and then compares the results with patents data about Triadic patents, South Korea, Brazil and India over the same periods, patents data were collected from Derwent World Patents Index between 1985 and May 2008. For this study, 169,312 patents were chosen and examined. Total volume of patents, technology focus, assignee sector, priority date and the comparison with other countries are analyzed. It is found that patents on water pollution and treatment filed at China have experienced a remarkable increase and the increase rate of patents filed at China change simultaneous with the percentage of domestic applications. However, the number of high quality Triadic patents with priority country as China remains small. Furthermore, in addition to individual patent assignees, both Chinese universities and enterprises also play important roles in patent activity of water pollution and treatment. In addition, the pattern of South Korea’s development can provide short-term implications for China and the regularity in Triadic patents’ development can provide some guidance to China’s long-term development. In contrast, the development pattern of Brazil and India is less influential to China’s development. Furthermore, China’s technology focuses on water pollution and treatment seem to parallel global and triadic patent trends. This research provides a comprehensive picture of China’s innovation capability in the area of water pollution and treatment. It will help China’s local governments to improve their regional S&T capability and will provide support the National Water Pollution Control and Treatment Project in China.

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We suggest some theoretical considerations concerning parastatistical distribution of the number of journals by the number of articles which they contain (structural units). Our experiments agree with the theoretical conclusions with accuracy up to 0.31%, and withPrice's experiments — with accuracy of 0.7%.The qualitive agreement of the theoretical model suggested is shown withBonitz's experiments. The agreement of the theory and the experiment is discussed and it is shown that the model suggested describes the Groos effect, i. e. it introduces a correction to the Bradford law.

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? What is the main topic of therapy? What directions are primarily chosen by therapists? Which country or institute has the most significant studies or treatments in family therapy? What, therefore, is the aim of novice family therapists? The

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detecting real cases of patent infringement in prostate cancer treatment technology, and we expect this method to reduce the demands on human experts. The organization of this paper is as follows. First, an overview of the theoretical background is

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co-citing members of two connected clusters. Based on the number of citations the top ten research fronts were: probiotics (648 citations), benthic sediments (537), genomics (436), integrated aquaculture (416) and water treatment (347). Strong

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highest TJSI score among analgesics was with sumatriptan, the most successful drug over the past 50 years for the treatment of pain (migraine). The aim of this study was to demonstrate that TJSI may be used not only in the field of analgesics, but also for

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We propose a new two-parameter continuous model called the extended arcsine distribution restricted to the unit interval. It is a very competitive model to the beta and Kumaraswamy distributions for modeling percentages, rates, fractions and proportions. We provide a mathematical treatment of the new distribution including explicit expressions for the ordinary and incomplete moments, mean deviations, Bonferroni and Lorenz curves, generating and quantile functions, Shannon entropy and order statistics. Maximum likelihood is used to estimate the model parameters and the expected information matrix is determined. We demonstrate by means of two applications to proportional data that it can give consistently a better fit than other important statistical models.

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Abstract

We extend the ideas of convergence and Cauchy condition of double sequences extended by a two valued measure (called μ-statistical convergence/Cauchy condition and convergence/Cauchy condition in μ-density, studied for real numbers in our recent paper [7]) to a very general structure like an asymmetric (quasi) metric space. In this context it should be noted that the above convergence ideas naturally extend the idea of statistical convergence of double sequences studied by Móricz [15] and Mursaleen and Edely [17]. We also apply the same methods to introduce, for the first time, certain ideas of divergence of double sequences in these abstract spaces. The asymmetry (or rather, absence of symmetry) of asymmetric metric spaces not only makes the whole treatment different from the real case [7] but at the same time, like [3], shows that symmetry is not essential for any result of [7] and in certain cases to get the results, we can replace symmetry by a genuinely asymmetric condition called (AMA).

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designs are very common in medicine and social sciences to test a causal hypothesis of certain treatments (e.g., impact of drugs) in comparison to an untreated control. As matter of fact, journals might be like treatments in an experimental design that

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