Authors:Manuel Monte, Luís Santos, José Fonseca, and Carlos Sousa
The vapour pressures of six para-substituted benzoic acids were measured using the Knudsen effusion method within the pressure range (0.1–1 Pa) in the following
temperature intervals: 4-hydroxybenzoic acid (365.09–387.28) K; 4-cyanobenzoic acid (355.14–373.28) K; 4-(methylamino)benzoic
acid (359.12–381.29) K; 4-(dimethylamino)benzoic acid (369.29–391.01) K; 4-(acetylamino)benzoic acid (423.10–443.12) K; 4-acetoxybenzoic
acid (351.28–373.27) K. From the temperature dependence of the vapour pressure, the standard molar enthalpy, entropy and Gibbs
energy of sublimation, at the temperature 298.15 K, were derived for each of the studied compounds using estimated values
of the heat capacity differences between the gaseous and the crystalline phases. Equations for estimating the vapour pressure
of para substituted benzoic acids at the temperature of 298.15 K are proposed.