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Abstract  

The best rate of approximation of functions on the sphere by spherical polynomials is majorized by recently introduced moduli of smoothness. The treatment applies to a wide class of Banach spaces of functions.

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Summary In his paper [1]P. Turán discovers the interesting behaviour of Hermite-Fejér interpolation (based on the Čebyšev roots) not describing the derivative values at “exceptional” nodes {ηn}n=1 . Answering to his question we construct such exceptional node-sequence for which the mentioned process is bounded for bounded functions whenever −1<x<1 but does not converge for a suitable continuous function at any point of the whole interval [−1, 1].

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Abstract  

Let ℂ[−1,1] be the space of continuous functions on [−,1], and denote by Δ2 the set of convex functions f ∈ ℂ[−,1]. Also, let E n(f) and E n (2) (f) denote the degrees of best unconstrained and convex approximation of f ∈ Δ2 by algebraic polynomials of degree < n, respectively. Clearly, En (f) ≦ E n (2) (f), and Lorentz and Zeller proved that the inverse inequality E n (2) (f) ≦ cE n(f) is invalid even with the constant c = c(f) which depends on the function f ∈ Δ2. In this paper we prove, for every α > 0 and function f ∈ Δ2, that

\documentclass{aastex} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{bm} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{pifont} \usepackage{stmaryrd} \usepackage{textcomp} \usepackage{upgreek} \usepackage{portland,xspace} \usepackage{amsmath,amsxtra} \usepackage{bbm} \pagestyle{empty} \DeclareMathSizes{10}{9}{7}{6} \begin{document} $$\sup \{ n^\alpha E_n^{(2)} (f):n \in \mathbb{N}\} \leqq c(\alpha )\sup \{ n^\alpha E_n (f):n \in \mathbb{N}\} ,$$ \end{document}
where c(α) is a constant depending only on α. Validity of similar results for the class of piecewise convex functions having s convexity changes inside (−1,1) is also investigated. It turns out that there are substantial differences between the cases s≦ 1 and s ≧ 2.

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Abstract  

We prove that the weighted error of approximation by the Szász-Mirakyan-type operator introduced in [1] is equivalent to the modulus of smoothness of the function. This result is analogous to previous results for Bernstein-type operators obtained by Ditzian-Ivanov and Szabados.

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Abstract  

Let fC[−1, 1]. Let the approximation rate of Lagrange interpolation polynomial of f based on the nodes
\documentclass{aastex} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{bm} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{pifont} \usepackage{stmaryrd} \usepackage{textcomp} \usepackage{upgreek} \usepackage{portland,xspace} \usepackage{amsmath,amsxtra} \usepackage{bbm} \pagestyle{empty} \DeclareMathSizes{10}{9}{7}{6} \begin{document} $$\left\{ {\cos \frac{{2k - 1}} {{2n}}\pi } \right\} \cup \{ - 1,1\}$$ \end{document}
be Δn + 2(f, x). In this paper we study the estimate of Δn + 2(f,x), that keeps the interpolation property. As a result we prove that
\documentclass{aastex} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{bm} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{pifont} \usepackage{stmaryrd} \usepackage{textcomp} \usepackage{upgreek} \usepackage{portland,xspace} \usepackage{amsmath,amsxtra} \usepackage{bbm} \pagestyle{empty} \DeclareMathSizes{10}{9}{7}{6} \begin{document} $$\Delta _{n + 2} (f,x) = \mathcal{O}(1)\left\{ {\omega \left( {f,\frac{{\sqrt {1 - x^2 } }} {n}} \right)\left| {T_n (x)} \right|\ln (n + 1) + \omega \left( {f,\frac{{\sqrt {1 - x^2 } }} {n}\left| {T_n (x)} \right|} \right)} \right\},$$ \end{document}
where T n(x) = cos (n arccos x) is the Chebeyshev polynomial of first kind. Also, if fC r[−1, 1] with r ≧ 1, then
\documentclass{aastex} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{bm} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{pifont} \usepackage{stmaryrd} \usepackage{textcomp} \usepackage{upgreek} \usepackage{portland,xspace} \usepackage{amsmath,amsxtra} \usepackage{bbm} \pagestyle{empty} \DeclareMathSizes{10}{9}{7}{6} \begin{document} $$\Delta _{n + 2} (f,x) = \mathcal{O}(1)\left\{ {\frac{{\sqrt {1 - x^2 } }} {{n^r }}\left| {T_n (x)} \right|\omega \left( {f^{(r)} ,\frac{{\sqrt {1 - x^2 } }} {n}} \right)\left( {\left( {\sqrt {1 - x^2 } + \frac{1} {n}} \right)^{r - 1} \ln (n + 1) + 1} \right)} \right\}.$$ \end{document}
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Abstract

We construct a new kind of rational operator which can be used to approximate functions with endpoints singularities by algebric weights in [−1,1], and establish new direct and converse results involving higher modulus of smoothness and a very general class of step functions, which cannot be obtained by weighted polynomial approximation. Our results also improve related results of Della Vecchia [5].

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Abstract

We present direct and strong converse theorems for a general sequence of positive linear operators satisfying some functional equations. The results can be applied to some extensions of Baskakov and Szász–Mirakyan operators.

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Abstract  

Let f be a real continuous 2π-periodic function changing its sign in the fixed distinct points y iY:= {y i}i∈ℤ such that for x ∈ [y i, y i−1], f(x) ≧ 0 if i is odd and f(x) ≦ 0 if i is even. Then for each nN(Y) we construct a trigonometric polynomial P n of order ≦ n, changing its sign at the same points y iY as f, and

\documentclass{aastex} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{bm} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{pifont} \usepackage{stmaryrd} \usepackage{textcomp} \usepackage{upgreek} \usepackage{portland,xspace} \usepackage{amsmath,amsxtra} \usepackage{bbm} \pagestyle{empty} \DeclareMathSizes{10}{9}{7}{6} \begin{document} $$\left\| {f - P_n } \right\| \leqq c(s)\omega _3 \left( {f,\frac{\pi } {n}} \right),$$ \end{document}
where N(Y) is a constant depending only on Y, c(s) is a constant depending only on s, ω 3(f, t) is the third modulus of smoothness of f and ∥ · ∥ is the max-norm.

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Abstract  

Recently P. Mache and M. W. Müller introduced the Baskakov quasi-interpolants and obtained an approximation equivalence theorem. In this paper we consider simultaneous approximation equivalence theorem for Baskakov quasi-interpolants.

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Abstract

The uniform weighted approximation errors of Baskakov-type operators are characterized for weights of the form for γ 0,γ ∊[−1,0]. Direct and strong converse theorems are proved in terms of the weighted K-functional.

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