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and predicting scientific developing trend. One key function of citation analysis is to discover academic communities according to authors’ citation behaviors. It mainly covers 3 types of analysis: author co-citation, author coupling and author cross

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educated return scholars on the development of the Taiwanese economic academic community. My results show that a large majority of current faculty tenured by Taiwan's top economic academic institutes has been educated or employed by a foreign university at

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Abstract

In the last two decades international collaboration in the Eastern European academic communities has strongly intensified. Scientists from developed countries within the European Union play a key role in stimulating the international collaboration of academics in this region. In addition, many of the research projects that engage East-European scholars are only possible in the framework of the large European programmes. The present study focuses on the role of EU and other developed nations as a partner of these countries and the analysis of the performance of collaborative research as reflected by the citation impact of internationally co-authored publications.

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In the calorimeters used for the determination of thermodynamical properties of liquid environments, the mixture takes place when injecting liquid in the mixture zone, this injection incorporates an additional calorific power that is a function of the volumetric heat capacity of the injected liquid and the injection flow. In this article, it is rewritten Tian's equation including this additional power to relate correctly the experimental output to the mixture enthalpy. It is applied Tian's equation, once it has been corrected, to two types of calorimeters: flow-microcalorimeters and isothermal titration calorimeters. In this second case, it has been taken into account the classical operating mode (titration) and the continuous liquid injection mode. Tian's equation, completed with all the energetic terms additional to the mixture process, is of great interest for the scientific and academic community because it allows to explain, in a simple and effective way, the operation of these instruments.

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Abstract  

The mobility of Spanish biochemists from Europe to the United States over the past 80 years (1927–2006) is approached from a historical perspective. The academic community on human genetics has awarded this emigrated Spanish community with the Nobel prize as well as other awards from European foundations. The vertical/horizontal integration methodology offers an opportunity to understand the extremely satisfactory history of a small European community overseas. To piece the puzzle together, continuous reference is made to the theory of systems. To test and use this holistic history, the circulation of the knowledge produced on cancer has been studied as intrinsically related to time by using the algorithmic historiography. Francisco Duran Reynals and Severo Ochoa have been selected as examples of the vertical integration. The former one because he was the director of an important collaborator, his own wife; the latter, as the founder of a Spanish specific research school in America based in his own work. The simultaneous stay of several young Spanish scientists at the Columbia University (Mariano Barbacid, Manuel Perucho and Ángel Pellicer) serves to design the horizontal integration, to create a holon hierarchy to reflect the criteria of subsidiarity and acceptability, and to focus on the Spanish discoveries and contributions to cancer research. The transatlantic flows of knowledge generated by the Spanish elite of biochemists in the USA from 1927 on define a network of geographical displacements. As a result, the social structure thus visualizes the identity of the international mobility of scientists who leave for Europe/USA, and their return to Spain. A model of the brain drain of professionals to the USA, that retain 80% of the Spanish cancer researchers, is developed.

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knowledge. ‘Disinterestedness’ is meant that academics should not be driven by everyday interests – money, prestige, power – but by the interests of the academic community. This rule precludes the use and sale of science products, scientific knowledge, for

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. Turning to our empirical case, we see such an example of brokering when an AD plans and conducts pedagogical courses for an academic community in close cooperation with teachers from the community in question. By ensuring that the content of the course

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Scientometrics
Authors: Clarice Gameiro da Fonseca Pachi, Jorge Futoshi Yamamoto, Anna Paula Amadeu da Costa, and Luis Fernandez Lopez

convenient measure for evaluating the impact of the internet on the academic community, the best variables for composing the annual index to the ANSP member institutions were select using two available search tools at CAPES site: CAPES Theses Bank and

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Hungarian Educational Research Journal
Authors: Csaba Horvath, Eszter Ida Kincso Ilyes, Klaudia Rebeka Nagy, Mate Ozse, Csaba Sebok, Eszter Somogy, and Denisz Vaskeba

highlight the fact that the “campus off” company can also be a significant actor of the academic community. In addition, it is an inclusive answer for the question “Who owns the university?” The research shows the advantages and disadvantages of the

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