, Young R. A. , Brown S. R. , Hollowell C. D.
Impact of energy-conserving retrofits on indoor airquality in residential housing , Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory , University of California, 1981
Authors:Dávid László Tárnoki, Ádám Domonkos Tárnoki, Andrew Hyland, Mark J. Travers, Katharine Dobson, Laszlo Mechtler, and K. Michael Cummings
Control and Prevention, Center for Health Promotion, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 2006.
World Health Organization:
Airquality guidelines for
Authors:N. Canha, M. Freitas, M. Almeida-Silva, S. Almeida, H. Dung, I. Dionísio, J. Cardoso, C. Pio, A. Caseiro, T. Verburg, and H. Wolterbeek
One Plus Sequential Air Sampler—Partisol was placed in a small village (Foros de Arrão) in central Portugal to collect PM10 (particles with an aerodynamic diameter below 10 μm), during the winter period for 3 months (December 2009–March 2010). Particles
masses were gravimetrically determined and the filters were analyzed by instrumental neutron activation analysis to assess
their chemical composition. The water-soluble ion compositions of the collected particles were determined by Ion-exchange
Chromatography. Principal component analysis was applied to the data set of chemical elements and soluble ions to assess the
main sources of the air pollutants. The use of both analytical techniques provided information about elemental solubility,
such as for potassium, which was important to differentiate sources.
Authors:N. Siddique, S. Waheed, M. Daud, A. Markwitz, and P. Hopke
Over a 1,000 pairs of coarse and fine filters were collected using Gent samplers and polycarbonate filters from three sites
in Islamabad from the period 1998 to 2010. The black carbon in these samples was determined by reflectance measurement while
their elemental composition were determined using the techniques of instrumental neutron activation analysis, ion beam analysis
and X-ray fluorescence spectrometry. Islamabad is a well planned and relatively small city as compared to Lahore or Karachi
therefore its air quality is better than the air quality of other major Pakistani cities. It was found that the new air quality
standards being implemented by the Pakistani government on the 1st of January 2012 may not be attained even in Islamabad without
the implementation of control and remedial measures. An overview of the elemental data obtained and calculation of enrichment
factors shows that the particles in Islamabad originate from re-suspended soil, vehicular emissions and coal combustion. However
further work is required for identification of pollution sources and their origin.
Authors:A. Montero Alvarez, J. R. Estévez Alvarez, H. Iglesias Brito, O. Pérez Arriba, D. López Sánchez, and H. T. Wolterbeek
An epiphytic lichen (Physcia alba sp.) grown over Roystonea regia tree was used as biomonitor of air quality in the Havana City west side. During the survey, 81 sampling sites were selected
according to traffic and industry conditions. The concentration for 14 elements (Mg, Al, Ca, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn,
Sr, Cd and Pb) was determined by flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS) and anodic stripping voltammetry (ASV). Contents
of Cu, Zn, Cd and Pb obtained by both techniques were compared. Several biological reference materials (RM's) were analyzed
in order to assure the quality of analytical results. Some pollution sources were identified using principal component analysis.
A total of 5 factors were achieved, of which 4 could be interpreted in terms of anthropogenic pollution sources. However,
the expected correlation between traffic influence and lead concentration in lichen could not be demonstrated. The factor
values patterns are presented.
A study was undertaken to assess the air quality of Lahore by the elemental analysis of air conditioner (AC) filter dust samples
collected from 15 different commercial sites. Samples were prepared using the Leeds Public Analyst Method and were analyzed
using instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) for up to 31 elements. The elements Al, As, Ba, Ce, Co, Cr, Cs, Fe,
Hf, K, La, Lu, Mn, Na, Nd, Rb, Sc, Sm, Sn, Ta, Th, Yb and Zn were detected in all 15 samples whereas the remaining elements
have been detected in fewer samples; i.e. Mg, Sb and Tb were detected in 14 samples, Br and V in ten samples, U in nine samples
and Ca and Ti in eight samples only. Al, Ca, Fe, K, Mg and Na were determined in all samples at percentage levels. The concentrations
of most elements were found to lie around the mean values for the 15 samples studied and were not orders of magnitude different.
However the concentrations of Ca, Mg, Sn and Zn were found to be more variable and were found to be dependant on activities
such as construction, fruit and vegetable handling, tin plating and transport, respectively.
, Vol. 48 , 2011 , pp. 86 – 88 .
EN 15251, Indoor environmental input parameters for design and assessment of energy performance of buildings addressing indoor airquality, thermal environment, lighting and
Creating of indoor environment in the work area in industrial buildings should be based on cooperation between heating and ventilation. However, practice shows that this is not truth in many cases. Both professions are many times designed separately. Result is their noncooperation leading to a mutual obstruction in terms of disposal location or functional operation of the systems. Creating a heating and ventilation system, which would both be designed in accordance with applicable legislation and it would create an optimal indoor environment for people in working area, to find solution in combination of radiant heating with ventilation air recovery unit.