This essay is an analytical study of sixteen new Ancient North Arabian inscriptions collected by the author during an epigraphical survey in 2010 in the area of Ġadīr Al-Aḥmar in Al-Ṣafāwī Region Northeast Jordan. On the grounds of the shape of script and the language, these inscriptions are classified as Safaitic. The script was known in the region to the south and southeast of Damascus (including north and northeast of Jordan) and in north and northwest Saudi Arabia.
The goal of this analysis is to study the inscriptions, the semantics and morphology of the words and the proper nouns contained therein. Furthermore, the paper also identifies certain new vocabulary items, such as four personal names mentioned for the first time in the corpus of the Safaitic inscriptions.
The aim of this study is to shed light on a new Ancient North Arabian inscription containing a reference to the Nabataean minister Syllaeus. This inscription is the second from the known corpus of Ancient North Arabian to mention the name of this minister, and could be dated to the last quarter of the 1st century BC. The inscription includes the rare verb ngy which means “to flee”.
This paper sheds light on a new Ancient North Arabian (Safaitic) inscription that makes mention of the famous Nabataean Damaṣî. This is the fourth known Safaitic inscription to contain a reference to Damaṣî; the paper makes a comparison of the appearances of Damaṣî in the known corpus and evaluates the historical context. The significance of this inscription lies in its description of the author waiting (nẓr) for Damaṣî.