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“But if we died with Christ, we believe that we shall also live with him… For the death that he died, he died unto sin once: but the life that he liveth, he liveth unto God.” The antithesis in the Epistle of Paul to the Romans enjoyed great popularity in medieval literature, specifically amongst monastic authors. Dezső Pais and János Bollók observed a striking parallel between the biblical passage and the conclusion of the Gesta Hungarorum. János Győry explained the resemblance with the literary impact of the 12th-century Gesta consulum Andegavorum on the anonymous author of the Gesta Hungarorum. On the other hand, the quotation could have been borrowed from a letter by Paulinus of Nola. Another source from early medieval Hungary, the arenga of the charter of hermit Andreas (1130-1140) contains a paraphrased version of the passage, now openly articulating monastic ideals: Ut mortuus seculo, solus soli viveret Deo. The same wording was preserved in a homily for the feast of Saint Blaise attributed to abbot Gottfried of Admont (dG1165) and an antiphon which represents a liturgical tradition originating in Rheinau. Considering the 12th-century political relationship between Admont and Hungary, it is very likely that the charter of Andreas testifies about the impact of the Admont school on Hungarian monasteries.

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in this Latin-language historical literature. They are already mentioned in a chronicle written around 1200 by the anonymous notary (Anonymus, P. dictus magister) of King Béla III (reigned between 1172 and 1196). Hungarian and Romanian historians

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The aim of the study was the identification and characterisation of coagulase-positive Staphylococcus bacteria obtained from food matrices by mass spectrometry and molecular methods. A total of 46 coagulase-positive Staphylococcus isolates were collected from different foodstuffs. The Staphylococcus isolates were identified by MALDI-TOF MS and confirmed by the presence and sequence analysis of the Staphylococcus protein A gene. Staphylococcal enterotoxin genes were also investigated by multiplex PCR. Based on the identification of strains by the MALDI-TOF MS technique and spa-typing, all strains were identified as Staphylococcus aureus. Based on their MS peak profiles, the isolates matched the spectra of three S. aureus reference strains in the Bruker MALDI Biotyper database, with identification scores higher than 1.999 in the case of all 46 (100%) isolates. The isolates showed great genetic variability. Twenty spa types were identified, from which most lineages are capable of colonizing humans. Fifty percent of the strains harboured at least one of four enterotoxin genes (seg, seh, sei, and ser), but none of the classical enterotoxin genes could be detected.

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The article aims at summarising the evidence of European sources concerning the towns of the Middle Volga region. First, the Hungarian Anonymus's Gesta Ungarorum is scrutinised, then the Western travellers' accounts are considered. The result is that prior to the 14th century only Bulgar, the capital of Volga Bulgaria was known to medieval West. In the second part of the paper the works of 14th-15th-century European cartography are investigated. The names and locations of three towns (Bulgar, Kremencuk and Jüketau) are dealt with in detail. The final conclusion is that these maps, though they are precious contemporary sources, must be handled with special caution and criticism.

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. The history of caesarean section 1982 Anonymus: De Zaan en Waterland. Een kijkje Noord Holland, in: De

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] Anonymus, Drugs Future 12 (1987) 31-33. [3] K. Sugaya , S. Nishijima , M. Miyazato , K. Ashitomi , T. Hatano , Y. Ogawa , Neurosci. Lett. 328

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Orvosi Hetilap
Authors:
Judit Futó
,
László Harsányi
,
Péter Sahin
,
Ernő Dárdai
,
Attiláné Aradán
, and
Katalin Darvas

. 2003 144 1545 1549 Varga P.: Otthoni mesterséges táplálás. Medicus Anonymus, 2000, 8 , 48

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Lakos A., Nagy Gy., Deák L. Cs.: Előrelépés a Lyme diagnosztikában, a szerológiai progresszió (COMPASS) értékelése. Medicus Anonymus, 2008, 16 , 20–21. Deák L. Cs. Előrelépés a

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Bibliográfia / References Anonymus ,. Anonymus: Gesta Hungarorum. Ford. / Transl.: Pais Dezső. In: Szöveg gyűjtem ény a régi magyar irodalom történetéhez. Középkor (1000–1530). [Antho logy to the history of old Hungarian literature. Middle Ages

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, 2009. Medicus Anonymus, 2009, XVII , 5–6. Rurik I. Háziorvosi diagnosztika, 2009 Medicus Anonymus 2009

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