The last period at the Aquincum Civil Town has long been a matter of dispute. Earlier researchers presumed a fourth century occupation phase at the settlement. However, re-examining these previous data (including an inscription, a coin hoard, walls, coins and several other finds of excavation contexts and even the “dark-earth” phenomenon) and analyzing the results of recent researches show that there is an obvious paucity of Late Roman finds. What is more, these results even show that most of them turn out to be third century finds. Based on the above mentioned, we can get to the conclusion, that the latest observable period in the Civil Town falls in the middle-end of the third century, or to the beginning of the fourth century at latest. Such an early abandonment of the Aquincum Civil Town is not unparalleled among Pannonian and other Western Roman provincial towns. And why was the Aquincum Civil Town abandoned relatively early? The reasons might be sought in the, by that time, already deteriorated fortifications and the loss of markets. No further (systematic) use could be demonstrated here in layers, finds, or constructions. Nevertheless, since a few fourth century finds still occur, the possibility cannot be excluded that certain areas were still sporadically used, particularly when buildings were mainly mined for spolia.
Workshops of sarcophagi in Aquincum and Brigetio. This contribution deals with problems of chronology, iconography and decoration of the sarcophagi of Aquincum and Brigetio. For the chronology the inscriptions, which name the cities as municipium or colonia are more helpful than the dates of the stationing of the legio I adiutrix and the legio II adiutrix respectively. Regarding the iconography of the many sarcophagi with erotes in the fields on both sides of the inscription the type of this representations is decisive.
Numerous notable potters’ waste layers came to light during the recent excavation of a detail of the military pottery workshop (so-called’ Kiscelli Street workshop’) in the Aquincum canabae.A distinctive quality ceramic group was separatable in these layers. These ceramics have well, fine levigated clay and were fired to red and hard. The surfaces are glossy by burnishing or a very thin slip. These sherds measure in many cases up to the Samian ware quality. As geochemical researches revealed these ceramics were made from local clay into which some „red earth” (rich in Al2O3-, Fe2O3- and MnO) admixture was mixed. Moreover it was also observed that the above-mentioned good quality product forms were sometimes made in a „traditional” (without red admixture) colour, too.We can find the best analogies of these ceramics in connection with the finds of the legionary pottery’s find-places (Noviomagus-Holdeurn ware, Vetera, Vindonissa, Argentorate, Wetterau ware, Butovo etc.). These are in the closest connection with the Holdeurn ware in both form and quality (four of the five forms are almost identical). Based on the similarity we think that potterers from Noviomagus might have been commanded here, which is naturally not surprising knowing that the legio X Gemina was placed from Noviomagus to Aquincum in 105 AD and was stationed here till 118 AD. At the same time, researching the origin of the existing forms we find many similarities with the eastern Samian ware (terra sigillata) forms, too. This raises the question who were those potterers that developed these forms first? Though J. K. Haalebos suggested the presence of Italian potterers in connection with the Holdeun pottery, the possibility of eastern potterers’ contribution can also be taken into account.
In the present paper we will examine a specific building and its possible architectural roots: an officer's house from the legionary fortress of Aquincum in Lower Pannonia. Since the excavations could not explore the full extent of this
elképzelés még hipotézisként sem vethető fel. A csontból készített fibulák meglehetősen ritkának számítanak. Pannoniából néhány további darab említhető, melyek az Aquincum/Budapest–lágymányosi civil vicus ból, 54 Gorsiumból, 55 a Győr-ménfőcsanaki civil
This paper aims to present three Egyptian statuettes of the shaubti (ushabti germ.) type found in the excavations of the Roman settlement of Aquincum (Pannonia Inferior). The first one is dated in the 26th Dynasty (also known as the Saite Dynasty, Inv. no. 6433) and is covered in dark green glaze in which rows of hieroglyphic scripts are inscribed recording usual sacred texts. The second two are rather not sufficiently well preserved but can be dated roughly in Graeco-Roman period (Inv. no. 6434 and respectively Inv. no. 6435).
In Verbindung mit dem Aquincumer Musileben stehen uns wenig unumstrittene Beweise zur Verfügung, obwohl Musik bei den Ritualen der verschiedenen Kulte oder im Heer oder als Begleitung der in den Amphithetern zwecks Unterhaltung veranstalteten Spiele und privater Festgelage eine wichtige Rolle gespielt hat. Wichtige musikalische Denkmäler sind die Musikinstrumente als archäologische Funde (Orgel von Aquincum, Blasinstrumente, Glöckchen). Darstellungen von Instrumenten findet man am häufigsten an Grabdenkmälern, die Militärmusikern gewidmet sind. Es gibt Inschriftendenkmäler, an denen die Instrumentendarstellung entweder – infolge ihres fragmentierten Zustandes – nicht mehr zu sehen ist oder es eine solche ursprünglich gar nicht gegeben hat, wo jedoch der lateinische Inschriftentext über die Beschäftigung des im Grab ruhenden oder des das Denkmal stiftenden Hinterbliebenen informiert. 31 Abbildungen.
A lead tablet recently discovered in the eastern cemetery of the Aquincum civil town is of much interest. The tablet which can be dated on archaeological grounds to the late 2nd-early 3rd centuries AD seems to be a binding curse of a group of men against another group, written in Latin. This curse tablet is especially significant because only five more Latin curses had previously been found in the territory of Roman Pannonia and it supports the inferences that can be deducted from this small collection.
I would like to express my thanks to the Director of BTM Aquincum Museum, dr Paula Zsidi, leader of the excavation at issue and to dr Gábor Lassányi, the archaeologist responsible for the complex examination for assigning the curse