investing to boost their research and development capabilities; for example, east Asian countries, such as, South Korea, Japan, China, Taiwan, and Singapore are examples of the economies that applied knowledge-based innovation strategies for research and
Authors:Ju-O Wang, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Senyeong Kao, Te-Chun Yeh, Li-Fang Chou, and Shung-Tai Ho
In recent years, East Asia, the second economy in worldwide just next to the United States of America (USA), receives more and more attention not only to its economic power but also to its scientific productivity
. Kazuyuki , KUBO . In: A Synthetical Study on Central Asian Culture in the Turco-Islamic Period, 1–93 (Persian text), 61–67 (Japanese and English). [Research Report, Ministry of Education, Science, Sports and Culture, Japan, Project No. 6301-043] . Kyoto
Di Cosmo, N. (1994): Ancient Inner Asian Nomads: Their Economic Basis and Its Significance in Chinese History. JAS 53/4, pp. 1092-1126.
Ancient Inner Asian Nomads: Their Economic Basis and Its Significance in Chinese History
The previously non-discussed ancient east Asian Wanderwort araĵaran ‘interjection; barely, suddenly’ is discussed and presented in great detail, and traced throughout many languages phonologically and semantically. The root has also undergone local secondary semantic developments in places, meanings which have then been borrowed into neighboring languages, some already carrying the same root, some borrowing only the new semantic meaning. Aft er detailed lexical documentation of this root in various languages, a possible semantic map is presented at the end of the study. Language groups and languages involved in this very geographically spread out Wanderwort are the Turkic, Tungusic, Mongolic and Yukaghir languages, as well as Tocharian B, Sel’kup, Kamass, Kott, Russian, Japanese and Iñupiatun.