The aim of this paper is to identify potential differences in habitual horse-riding activity between different socioeconomic groups within the adult male population of the Avarcemetery of Wien 11-Csokorgasse, by combining a major criterion of the
In the past decades researchers examining burial customs have recognised local phenomena pointing to the cultural diversity of the Avar population inhabiting the Carpathian Basin. Thus it has been proposed that several groups of different traditions and cultures may have coexisted in the territory of the Avars. In the recently excavated 7th–8th-century Avar cemeteries near Szekszárd (Szekszárd-Tószegidűlő, Tolna-Mözs-Fehérvize-dűlő) another — already known (Szekszárd-Bogyiszlói út és Gyönk-Vásártér út cemetery) — characteristic phenomenon was observed that can now be regarded as a regional feature. The paper discusses this burial type - which has recently also been found in great numbers in the cemetery of Tolna-Mözs —, namely the empty graves containing no human remains. Empty burials have been known in cemeteries of the Avar Age, however, their number is usually insignificant compared to the total number of graves. The aim of this paper is to analyse the possible reasons for empty graves and to show that they were the result of a conscious custom, most probably intended as symbolic burials.
Although the East Old Turkic runiform inscriptions were deciphered already in 1893 by Thomsen (1896), the East European runiform fragments still present a mystery: we do not exactly know whom they belong to, which language(s) they represent, etc. During the last hundred years several attempts have been made to decipher them but nobody could provide a widely acceptable interpretation. This is because of the very nature of the findings: they are few in number and short in length. Accordingly, there is a consensus among the competent scholars that the decipherment raises serious difficulties which cannot be solved for the time being.It is, however, our primary task to document and catalogue every new finding as precisely as possible in the hope that the decipherment will one day be possible.The present article will document and analyse hitherto unknown runiform inscriptions carved into two bone plates for the grip of a bow found in a late Avar cemetery at Kiskundorozsma in South-East Hungary. The article is divided into two parts: first, an archaeological analysis with radiocarbon and thermoluminescence dating, second, a palaeographical analysis with the emphasis on methodology.
temetők Andocson (AvarCemeteries at Andocs). FolArch XXIII, 129-182.
Garam É. 1975 The Homoknégy-Halom Cemetery. In: Cemeteries of the Avar period (567-829) in Hungary I. Budapest, 11-48.
Garam É. 1979
Comments to Sándor Gulyás, Csilla Balogh, Antónia Marcsik and Pál Sümegi: Simple calibration versus Bayesian modeling of archeostatigraphically controlled 14 C ages in an early Avar age cemetery from SE Hungary: results, advantages, pitfalls
A Kr. u. 6–7. századkeltezésének módszertani és értelmezési problémái az Alföldön•
Megjegyzések Sándor Gulyás–Csilla Balogh–Antónia Marcsik–Pál Sümegi: Simple calibration versus Bayesian modeling of archeostatigraphically controlled 14 C ages in an early Avar age cemetery from SE Hungary: results, advantages, pitfalls című tanulmányához
are confident that the burial sequence given in the model is a sequence supported by stratigraphy. However, no archaeological evidence has been presented for this, and given the system of Avarcemeteries, we have strong doubts that information is
A Felgyo-Ürmös-tanyai avar kori temeto (The Avarcemetery at Felgyo, Ürmös-tanya) . In: Balogh Cs. – P. Fischl K. : Felgyo, Ürmös-tanya. Bronzkori és avar kori leletek László Gyula felgyoi ásatásának anyagából . Móra Ferenc Múzeum Évkönyve
-cifrahegyi avar kori temető gyöngyleletei (Beads of the Avarcemetery at Hajós-Cifrahegy) . In: Kétvilág határán . Természet- és társadalomtudományi tanulmányok a 70 éves Költő László tiszteletére . Szentpéteri J.–Varga M. (szerk.). Sajtó alatt