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Abstract:

This study compares the songs from the original, English-language version of the 2013 Disney film Frozen to those of the Dutch dubbed version, investigating how the thematic representation of love and fear differ between these versions. To support this inherently qualitative analysis, this study employs the triangle of aspects, an analytical model that identifies certain aspects and variables central to animated musical film dubbing, allowing a quantification of differences between dubbed versions. It is found that the dubbed songs differ most strongly from the original songs in the verbal code, which covers issues such as semantic sense and register, and least in the musical code, which concerns matters of rhyme scheme, rhythm, and singability. The effects of the changes are a slight backgrounding of the theme of love versus fear: whereas the source version presents and explores a clear dichotomy between love and fear, the dubbed version concentrates more on love as the ultimate goal of life, eliminating much of the importance of fear. These results show that quantitative data can be useful in qualitative analyses, presenting an important step in the development of the field of animated musical film dubbing within translation studies.

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Anti-Equilibrium (1971) was well ahead of its time in emphasising that (i) economics should draw from biology, rather than physics, as its methodological underpinning; (ii) evolutionary logic requires a different type of decision-making in simple, routine matters, as opposed to large and important decisions; (iii) the most important production processes are non-linear, with increasing returns to scale being the rule, rather than the exception in modern capitalist economies and — in conclusion — that there is no such thing as general equilibrium. In modern societies, goods and services are either in shortage (Socialism) or in a state of oversupply (Capitalism). It is either a buyers’ market or sellers’ market.

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Acta Oeconomica
Authors:
Jonathan F. Cogliano
,
Roberto Veneziani
, and
Naoki Yoshihara

Abstract

Conventional wisdom has it that Marxian value theory, and labour values themselves, are logically inconsistent, theoretically shaky, and empirically irrelevant. In this paper, we discuss recent research showing that this conclusion is not warranted. While past debates have definitively proved that labour values, or employment multipliers, cannot be used to explain equilibrium prices, this does not mean that a sound, empirically oriented Marxian approach cannot be built which assigns a central role to labour values. To be specific, we argue that they can be used to understand certain fundamental laws of capitalist economies – in particular the relation between profitability, technical progress, and accumulation – and also to construct normatively interesting indices capturing certain inequalities in well-being freedom.

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Abstract

Since the time of classical economists, investment decisions hold centre stage in economic theory. In this article, we integrate classical economists' perspectives on the determinants of investment with the Keynesian theory of effective demand. For this purpose, we employ variables to capture the effects of profitability, the state of demand, and the financial and risk conditions using time series data from 17 major OECD economies spanning the 1960–2017 period. Two are the salient features of our article: The first is the use as profitability variables, the marginal efficiency of capital or the incremental rate of return, and the second is the use of regime changes and respective threshold values for these two key variables. The econometric results show that the profitability variables are decisive in shaping investment decisions and designating phase changes.

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Disorders of the locomotive system, especially those occurring due to degenerative changes of the joints, are serious problems in daily veterinary medical practice. Steroid injections are the main way of treating these disorders. However, this approach brings usually only temporary effects of pain relief, and may cause many side effects. Alternative therapies focus on regeneration of damaged tissue using adult mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Since 2002, the great plasticity and immunomodulatory properties of MSCs isolated from adipose tissue (AdMSCs) have been used successfully in the treatment of degenerative joint diseases (DJD) of both dogs and horses. Possible simultaneous application of steroid therapy and stem cell transplantation could improve the commonly used clinical procedure. In this paper, the influence of the two steroid drugs (betamethasone and methylprednisolone) on AdMSCs was evaluated on the basis of morphology and proliferation rate. Both steroids positively influenced the viability and proliferation state of cells in a concentration of 0.01 mg/ml and 0.1 mg/ml, respectively. However, the concentration of 1 mg/ml had a cytotoxic effect. Moreover, the lower dosage of steroid drugs used in the experiment did not affect the morphology of cells and significantly increased cellular activity. In conclusion, our data demonstrate the stimulating effect of steroid drugs on cell morphology, proliferation rate and cytophysiological activity. These findings may influence the use of stem cells and steroids in applied regenerative veterinary medical practice in the future.

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Absztrakt

Bevezetés: A hepatitis C-vírus (HCV) nagy szerkezeti variabilitást mutat. A genom szekvenálása és filogenetikai analízise alapján 7 típusa és 67 szubtípusa különíthető el, melyek földrajzi megoszlása különböző. A 2014-ben bevezetett direkt ható antivirális terápia (DAA) alkalmazása óta meghatározásuk kiemelten fontossá vált, mivel a gyógyszerek típusa, dózisa, a kezelések optimális időtartama genotípus/szubtípus függő. Célkitűzés: Magyarországon 1992-ben kezdődött a krónikus C-vírus-hepatitises betegek kezelése, az ehhez szükséges speciális diagnosztikát Molekuláris Diagnosztikai Laboratóriumunkban vezettük be. Meghatároztuk a magyarországi HCV1b NS5A/PKR-BR régiójának nukleotidszekvenciáját és a magyarországi betegekből izolált vírustípus- és szubtípus-előfordulást. A jelen összefoglalóban 6092 krónikus C hepatitises beteg (175 szerotípus, 5917 genotípus) 1996 és 2017 közötti eredményét elemezzük típus/szubtípus, életkor, nem és a magyarországi régiókon belüli megoszlás alapján, valamint követjük a genotípusarányok két évtized alatti változását. Módszer: Szerotípusvizsgálat (1996–1999). Genotípusvizsgálat: hibridizáció (2000–2016), real-time PCR-módszer (2016–; Cobas 4800 HCV GT). Eredmények: A genotípusmegoszlás átlaga: GT1a: 5,6%; GT1b: 84,6%; GT1a + 1b: 5,1%; GT2: 0,1%; GT3: 1,8%; GT4: 0,1%; vegyes: 1,6%; GT1 (szubtípusa nem differenciált): 1,1%. Nő : férfi = 52% : 48%. A víruspozitív betegek 37%-a az 50–60 éves korosztályba tartozott. A négy magyarországi régióban, valamint Budapesten és környékén jelentős genotípusaszimmetria nem igazolódott. A 3-as genotípus prevalenciája az utóbbi években 1,6%-ról 2,8%-ra emelkedett; a 40 év alattiakban megduplázódott a számuk. Következtetés: Hazánkban 20 év alatt a HCV típus/szubtípus megoszlásában jelentős változás nem történt, jelenleg is az 1/b a leggyakoribb. Minőségi előrelépést hozott a real-time PCR-genotípusmódszer bevezetése, a kapott eredmények letisztultak, kevés közöttük a vegyes szubtípusú, ami a hatékonyabb gyógyszerválasztást segíti. Orv Hetil. 2018; 159(Suppl 2): 2–8.

Open access

The impact of goal attainment and goal importance on satisfaction with life – a polynomial regression and response surface analysis

A célok fontosságának és megvalósulásának hatása az élettel való elégedettségre – Polynomiális regresszió analízis

Mentálhigiéné és Pszichoszomatika
Authors:
Ágnes Tóth
,
Barbara Wisse
, and
Klára Faragó

Introduction

Most people want to be happy in their lives and actively try to achieve some degree of contentment. Previous studies have shown that pursuing goals can increase peoples’ well-being and that in order to understand the role of goals in well-being, it is important to differentiate between the importance and the attainment of both extrinsic and intrinsic goals. Yet, the issue of how the congruence between goal importance on the one hand and goal attainment on the other affects well-being has rarely been addressed.

Aims

We investigated if well-being is a function of goal pursuit, or more precisely, if the extent to which people are satisfied with their lives is a result of their success in achieving goals that are relatively important to them. We expected that goal attainment would be a stronger predictor of well-being than goal importance. We also expected that the congruence between intrinsic goal attainment and importance would be positively related to subjective well-being. In addition, we explored whether the congruence between extrinsic goal attainment and importance would be negatively or positively associated with subjective well-being.

Methods

A survey of 149 Hungarian adults was conducted (75% female). To test our hypotheses we used bivariate polynomial regression and response surface analysis. This tool is ideal to measure the joint effect of two predictor variables on a third variable, such as the goal importance and goal attainment on well-being.

Results

Intrinsic goal attainment is positively related to well-being (B = .77, p = .04), while goal importance has no such effect. We also found that the congruence between intrinsic goal importance and goal attainment is positively related to well-being (a1 = 1.29, p = .04). The polynomial regression with well-being as the dependent variable and extrinsic goal attainment and importance as the predictor variables showed that whereas extrinsic goal importance (B = –.32, p = .02) has a negative relationship with well-being, goal attainment (B = .51, p = .007) has a positive one. Moreover, we found that well-being is higher when extrinsic goal attainment is higher than extrinsic goal importance (a3 = –.84, p = .005) and that well-being increases more sharply to the extent that the degree of discrepancy increases (a4 = –.41, p = .03).

Conclusions

Based on our results it seems that the congruence between intrinsic goal attainment and goal importance enhances our well-being. While valuing extrinsic goals does not seem to increase happiness, attaining those goals does so.

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of initial mole ratios of alcohol to phthalic anhydride, b = c 0 ALC / c 0 PHT , equal to 3:1, 5:1, 10:1. The effect of temperature on the reaction rate was determined at b = 5:1, in the range of temperatures 413–453 K. The concentration of

Open access

Az iskolai bántalmazás (bullying) megelőzése

Prevention of Bullying in School Setting

Educatio
Author:
Éva Jármi

1s+helyzet%C3%A9r%C5%91l+497_2016/41838d72-616e-45bf-8b51-e744c4fa1b59?version=1.0 [Letöltve: 2019. 09. 10.] 2 Buda M. (2015) Az iskolai zaklatás . Szaktárnet

Open access
Acta Biologica Hungarica
Authors:
Elizabeth C. Cropper
,
C. G. Evans
,
J. Jing
,
A. Klein
,
A. Proekt
,
A. Romero
, and
S. C. Rosen

Plummer, M. R., Kirk, M. D. (1990) Premotor neurons B51 and B52 in the buccal ganglia of Aplysia californica: synaptic connections, effects on ongoing motor rhythms, and peptide modulation. J. Neurophysiol. 63 , 539

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