Authors:Li Ying Yang, Ting Yue, Jie Lan Ding, and Tao Han
and Italy. They belong to Group of Eight, a forum for the governments of eight of the world's largest economies. These countries have a high level of science and technology development. The BRICcountries are Brazil, Russia, India and China. These
productivity of national outputs. Studies using SCIE data have shown the growth in scientific output of four countries that have experienced considerable growth in a number of indicators: the BRICcountries: Brazil, Russia, India, and China (NSF 2007
International competitiveness is influenced by globalization processes in the world economy. This process changes the comparative advantages of each country and thus the shares of individual countries in world trade. BRICS countries have quickly strengthened their influence in international trade, and thus the European Union must face new pressure in competitiveness from their side. The aim of this paper is to define key factors of foreign trade competitiveness by an application of factor analysis and identify countries with similar characteristics of competitiveness factors by an application of cluster analysis. Factor and cluster analysis contain indicators of foreign trade which describe the driving forces of competitiveness, also in terms of long-term potentiality, and those which are direct or indirect outcomes of a competitive society and economy. Based on the results of the factor analysis, it is possible to classify the evaluated territories according to the level of foreign trade advancement by cluster analysis.
Authors:Qiuju Zhou, Ronald Rousseau, Liying Yang, Ting Yue, and Guoliang Yang
) compared the similarity and balance of the disciplinary structure in science between the G7 and the BRICcountries. However, in all these studies related to the homogeneity or the heterogeneity of disciplinary structures, disciplines are assumed to be
BRICScountries, 4 Chkili (2016) , on the other hand, using an asymmetric dynamic conditional correlation approach, reached an opposite conclusion. In a very recent article, Wen – Cheng (2018) found evidence in favor of safe haven role of gold
Authors:Peter A. Schulz and Edmilson J. T. Manganote
, namely the high share in materials science for all these countries.
Normalized country profiles (CPIs) for BRICScountries: Brazil (1993–2003), China (1997–2007), India (1993–2003), Russia (1995–2005) and