From 1091 onwards the nomadic confederacy of the Cumans had played an eminent historical role in the Balkans. The present paper investigates the Cuman participation in the fight of Byzantium with the Latins, during and after the Fourth Crusade in 1204, and comes to the conclusion that the Cumans' historical role in the restoration of the Second Bulgarian Empire in 1185-1186 and in the following events of the upcoming two decades is undeniable. The Cumans had no strategic aims, their primary and short-time goal being robbery and pillage. Though their employment in campaigns and battles as mercenaries was of prime importance for both the Vlakho-Bulgarians and the Byzantines and the Latins, they did not present a real long-term menace to the statehood of either of the waring factions.
Decline and Fall of Byzantium to the Ottoman Turks by Doukas
. An annotated translation of “Historia Turco-Byzantina” by H. J. Magoulias. Detroit.
Ducellier, A. (1996):
Chrétiens d’Orient et Islam au Moyen
The paper deals with a letter of emperor Isaakios II Comnenos to the archbishop Iob of Esztergom (ca. 1190), a document which became known through the edition of the letters of the court officer Demetrios Tornikes in 1970. It concerns theological questions (eating of sacrifice meat, filioque) which the emperor (or rather his ghost writer Tornikes) uses to disprove the western practice. In a political explosive time of permanent menace and invasions at all corners of the empire the emperor on the one hand has to underline the orthodox position as the real acceptable in these questions (by sophistically refuting the archbishop’s objections) and to simulate an unshakeable imperial power, on the other hand he wants to give the impression that the archbishop has a special status for the emperor and his patience (which might have consequences for the relation between Byzantium and Hungary, always a needful ally). The paper concentrates especially on the illocution and perlocution aspects of the letter.
The present article deals with an anthology of classical poetry being part of a bilateral research and edition project between the Eötvös József Collegium, the University of Piliscsaba and the Institute for Byzantine Studies of the Austrian Academy of Sciences. This alphabetical anthology is transmitted in Codex Philologicus Graecus 169 of the Austrian National Library (14th century) and contains gnomological excerpts from classical poets like Homer, Hesiod, Pindar and the tragedians as well as Aristophanes, authors whose works the scholars of the Palaiologian area focused on. Also the Viennese collection is a typical product of a scholars’ circle of the 14th century. The manuscript itself is well known because of another text, the so called Lexicon Vindobonense, now to be identified as the work of Andreas Lopadiotes. On the basis of the analysis of Augusto Guida the article concentrates on the codicological and palaeographical examination of the quires (in the present status the original sequence is disturbed by wrong binding) as well as the palaeographical units (of the main scribe and some additional hands).
This paper discusses Early Byzantine clasps in the form of peacock, which occurred in modern Abkhazia and Kartli. These brooches date from the sixth and seventh centuries and meet with parallels among synchronous mediaeval antiquities. Peacock brooches discovered in the Southern Caucasus were imported directly from Byzantium. These finds indicate connections of the population of the Southern Caucasus and the Byzantine Empire.
, Byzantium, Renascentia V., Bibliotheca Byzantina 1]. Budapest, Eötvös József Collegium 2013, 305–314. The paper was supported by János Bolyai Research Scholarship of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and OTKA NN-104456.
Maximos Kausokalyves, the fourteenth century Athonite monk, is celebrated as one of the most important Saints related to the Hesychast movement in Byzantium. Born in 1270/80, he spent most of his life on Mount Athos as an ascete in huts, which he used to burn before he moved from one place to another, thus the name, Kausokalyves. Through the collation of his life, composed by four of St Maximo’s contemporaries, we get very important information about his life and acts, during a very critical period marked by political and doctrinal conflicts.