Authors:Óscar Brito Fernandes, Mukhethwa Netshiombo, László Gulácsi, Niek S. Klazinga, Márta Péntek, and Petra Baji
The South African Ministry of Health has recognized experiences of care as key to strengthen patient-centred care. This case study aims to measure patient-reported experiences of care at a clinic in South Africa, and its associations with the respondents' sociodemographic characteristics. A survey was conducted in 2019 on a convenience sample of 179 respondents. Questions on experiences of care were based on a standardised set of questions by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Logistic regression was used to examine the effects of respondents' characteristics on their experiences. The proportion of respondents who reported that a nurse spent adequate time with them during consultation was significantly higher among literate respondents (92.3 vs. 79.5%). Those who reported past negative experiences were significantly more likely to report a positive experience in regard to perceiving adequate consulting time (odds ratio = 3.865, with a 95% confidence interval between 1.555 and 9.607), receiving easy-to-understand explanations (4.308; 1.665–11.145), being given the opportunity to ask questions (2.156; 1.013–4.589) and shared decision–making (3.822; 1.728–8.457). The results can spur comparisons with other clinics in a similar setting and inform key stakeholders on aspects of the care experience that need greater improvement within the national framework for quality and safety assurance and patient experience measurement.
Authors:Zsuzsanna Szerényi, Zsóka Ágnes, and Széchy Anna
The aim of this paper is to describe the consumer behaviour and everyday lifestyle patterns of Hungarian university and college students. The results are gained from an international survey, carried out by the Department of Environmental Economics and Technology at the Corvinus University of Budapest, supported by the Norwegian Financial Mechanism. As background literature, characteristics of the consumer society and the development of sustainable consumption as a concept are interpreted in the paper. The empirical analysis aims to describe the most important clusters of students, based on the factors of their consumer behaviour, environmental activism and pro-environmental everyday habits. Our results identify two extreme clusters which most significantly differ from each other: the environmental activists and the indifferent group. However, a third cluster has the most modest consumer behaviour, namely the group which considers product features, energy consumption and the behaviour of producers. They spend the least on consumer goods. The three other clusters show quite mixed lifestyle patterns.
Authors:S. Katircioglu, S. Fethi, D. Unlucan, and I. Dalci
This study investigates the bank selection criteria of undergraduate students who are future potential customers of banks from different regions of the world in a small island economy by comparing the selection factors of international students for the first time. Survey results of 258 respondents show that there are not huge differences in the bank selection factors between Turkish and non-Turkish international students in the case of a state university in North Cyprus. “Availability and convenient location of ATM services” and “speed and quality of service” are the most important factors for considering banks and their services for both Turkish and non-Turkish undergraduate students.
Authors:Bert Wolterbeek, Susana Sarmento, and Tona Verburg
The present paper focuses on biomonitoring of elemental atmospheric pollution, which is reviewed in terms of larger-scaled
biomonitoring surveys in an epidemiological context. Based on the literature information, today’s availability of solar-powered
small air filter samplers and fibrous ion exchange materials is regarded as adequate or an even better alternative for biomonitor
transplant materials used in small-scaled set-ups, but biomonitors remain valuable in larger-scaled set-ups and in unforeseen
releases and accidental situations. In the latter case, in-situ biomonitoring is seen as the only option for a retrospective
study: biomoniors are there before one even knows that they are needed. For biomonitoring, nuclear analytical techniques are
discussed as key techniques, especially because of the necessary multi-element assessments in both source recognition and
single-element interpretation. To live up to the demands in an epidemiological context, larger-scaled in-situ biomonitoring
asks for large numbers of samples, and consequently, for large total sample masses, this all to ensure representation of both
local situations and survey area characteristics. Possibly, this point should direct studies into new “easy-to-sample” biomonitor
organisms, of which high masses and numbers may be obtained in field work, rather than continue with biomonitors such as lichens.
This also means that both sample handling and processing are of key importance in these studies. To avoid problems in comparability
of analytical general procedures in milling, homogenization and digestion of samples of large masses, the paper proposes to
involve only few but high-quality laboratories in the total element assessment routines. In this respect, facilities that
can handle large sample masses in the assessment of element concentrations are to be preferred. This all highlights the involvement
of large-sample-volume nuclear facilities, which, however, should be upgraded and automated in their operation to ensure the
necessary sample throughput in larger-scaled biomonitoring.
Authors:Andrea Kőrösi Molnár, László Kőrösi, Bence Balázs, and András Gáspárdy
. The chickens were exposed to heat challenge twice: on day 19 (31 °C, 83% relative humidity, RH/8 h, the heat index was 42 °C) and on day 35 (32 °C, 82% RH/10 h, the heat index was 42 °C). Body weight The birds were weighed individually every week. Body
Hetherington, M. S., McKenzie, J. D., Dean, H. G., Winlow, W. (1994) A quantitative analysis of the biogenic amines in the central ganglia of the pond snail, Lymnaea stagnalis (L.). Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 107C , 83-93.
. – Honegger , M. – Normand , C. – Valdeyron , N. (eds): Projectile Weapon Elements from the Upper Palaeolithic to the Neolithic . Proceedings of Session C83, XVth UISPP World Congress, Lisbon, September 4–9, 2006. London, 161 – 173