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of fiber-surface treatment on the mechanical properties of jute-polypropylene composites, Composites Part A , Vol. 28, 1997 pp. 1001–1005. Bledzki A. K. The influence of fiber

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Ricles J. M., Popov E. P. Experiments on eccentrically braced frames with composite floors , Earthquake Engineering Research Center, University of California, Berkeley, California, 1987

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Introduction The use of light-cured resin composites is increasing, because of the growing demand for esthetic restorative results. The curing efficiency of light-cured resin composites affects the clinical integrity of resin

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Introduction In the past few decades, the development of new materials that involve natural resources as the raw material, especially as a composite material, has accelerated. Both the properties and cost of various natural

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residue also contains pectin and lignin [ 2 , 3 ]. Since a large portion of its hemicelluloses are water soluble, thermal treatment along with high pressure could render it as a self-bonding composite panel [ 4 ]. In the present article, we demonstrate

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particles offers the possibility of producing, in a wide temperature range, high-conductivity composites with enhanced thermal stability and improved mechanical performance [ 14 – 16 ]. Considering the feasibility and practicability of RbH 2 PO 4 as fuel

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Maurizio Ferrante, Morena Petrini, Paolo Trentini, Luigi Ciavarelli, and Giuseppe Spoto

Abstract  

The aim of this study has been to evaluate light-curing composites polymerization quality (monomer/polymer) with an halogen and diode lamp through the thermal analysis (TG-DTA). Samples have been polymerized at 20, 40 and 50 s through a constant and a soft start polymerization and, subsequently, analyzed by TG-DTA. The TG/DTA analysis shows that different light-curing times affect the degree of conversion of the composite, since by increasing the curing time the quantity of the monomer that has not reacted (residual) decreases. The halogen lamp, compared to the diode lamp, produces a lower mass loss at 20 s, while for 40 and 50 s the results are overlapping. The soft start polymerization (20 s) initially produces a higher mass loss, if compared to the constant intensity, but, by performing a polymerization for at least 40 s, the results can be overlapped.

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Abstract  

Thermal analysis has been used to evaluate the stability, glass transition, and water retention of Nafion based polymer–ceramic electrolytes. These electrolytes are envisioned as promising replacement of Nafion in fuel cells operating above 100 °C. The polymeric matrix prepared by casting exhibits lower crystallinity than the extruded Nafion, a feature that affects the water absorption properties. The addition of titania-based nanotubes and nanoparticles to the polymer has enhanced the water retention at high temperatures (~130 °C) and the glass transition temperature, respectively. Such results are important for the design of composite electrolytes for the operation of fuel cells at high temperatures.

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Abstract  

Composites of poly(vinyl pyrrolidone)/hydroxyapatite (PVP/HA), at variable proportions (100/0; 80/20; 50/50; 20/80 wt%) were prepared and characterized by Fourier transformer-infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), wide angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and thermogravimetry/differential thermogravimetry (TG/DTG). PVP carbonyl stretching was slightly shifted to lower frequency in composites indicating the formation of hydrogen bonding with HA hydroxyl groups. At the first cycle of heating, the calorimetric curves revealed a broad peak the intensity of which was reduced insofar as the amount of PVP decreased in the composites. This peak was attributed to the PVP enthalpy relaxation. According to the TG/DTG curves, PVP degraded into two steps sharply perceivable in the composites. The first decay was ascribed to the release of the pyrrolidone pendant groups and the following one concerned the burning of the hydrocarbon chains. The HA molecules seem to exert a catalytic action on the PVP degradation.

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Abstract  

In this research, a new composite, poly (hydroxyethylmethacrylate-hydroxyapatite) [P(HEMA-Hap)], was synthesized and its adsorptive features for natural radionuclides (TI+, Ra2+, Bi3+and Ac3+ in a leaching solution) were investigated at differing initial pH, concentration and temperature ranges. The natural radionuclides were counted by gamma spectrometer using a type NAI (Tl) detector. The adsorption data obtained were well represented by Langmuir and Freundlich type isotherms. The magnitude of determined monolayer adsorption capacities (X L) for the adsorbed radionuclides were TI+ = Ac3+ > Ra2+ = Bi3+. These results demonstrated that P(HEMA-Hap) had high affinity to the natural radionuclide. The thermodynamic parameters indicated that the adsorption mechanisms were spontaneous (ΔG < 0) in terms of adsorption free enthalpy, and changes in the enthalpy and entropy values showed that the overall adsorption process was endothermic (ΔH > 0), thus increasing entropy (ΔS > 0).

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