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Abstract  

In this study, α-phase nucleating agent (NA) 1,3:2,4-bis(3,4-dimethylbenzylidene) sorbitol (DMDBS), β-phase rare earth NA (WBG), and their compound NAs were introduced into isotactic polypropylene (iPP) matrix, respectively. Crystallization kinetics and subsequent melting behavior of the nucleated iPPs were comparatively studied by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) under both isothermal and nonisothermal conditions. For the isothermal crystallization process, it is found that the Avrami model successfully described the crystallization kinetics. The active energy of nonisothermal crystallization of iPP was determined by the Kissinger method and showed that the addition of nucleating agents increased the activation energy. Melting behavior and crystalline structure of the nucleated iPPs are dependent on the nature of NAs and crystallization conditions. Higher proportion of β-phase can be obtained at higher content of β-nucleating agent and lower crystallization temperature or lower cooling rate.

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. 19. Wei , Z , Zhang , W , Chen , G . Crystallization and melting behavior of isotactic polypropylene nucleated with individual and compound nucleating agents . J Therm Anal Calorim 2010

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-010-0958-7 . 30. Wei , ZY , Zhang , WX , Chen , GY , Liang , JC , Yang , S , Wang , P , Liu , LA . Crystallization and melting behavior of isotactic polypropylene nucleated with individual and compound nucleating agents

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. 29. Zhang , YF , Xin , Z 2007 Isothermal crystallization behaviors of isotactic polypropylene nucleated with α/β compounding nucleating agents . J Polym Sci Polym Phys 45 : 590 – 596 10.1002/polb.21072

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with compounded nucleating agent system To elucidate the compounded influence of MWCNTs and WBG on the crystallization behaviors of iPP, two series of samples with a fixed WBG content as 0.05 or 0.1% and the variable MWCNTs content (0.1–5%) are

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behavior of isotactic polypropylene nucleated with individual and compound nucleating agents . J Therm Anal Calorim . 2010 ; 102 : 775 – 783 . 10.1007/s10973-010-0725-9 . 44. Wu , CL

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