killed by this heat [ 9 – 11 ]. Previous studies have investigated the fire behavior and evaluated the safety of a variety of building materials by using conecalorimeter testing. However, as most of the fire behavior assessment for interior upholstery
Authors:Q. Xu, G. Griffin, Y. Jiang, C. Preston, A. Bicknell, G. Bradbury, and N. White
Burning behavior of small-scale wood crib was studied by a serial of cone calorimeter tests. The heat release rate curves
of these small wood cribs were different due to porosity factor and this shows that the control condition switches from one
to another. The burning of some crib with small porosity factors was self-extinguished in fixed flow rate of air supply in
cone calorimeter. These results were compared with Gross’s studies. The switch point of porosity-controlled and surface area
controlled burning regime is different from Gross’s result.
Authors:Q. Xu, G. Griffin, I. Burch, Y. Jiang, C. Preston, A. Bicknell, G. Bradbury, and N. White
Cone calorimeter tests were conducted to investigate the flammability of glass-reinforced plastics (GRP) panels. The results
gained from these bench scale tests were used to predict the time to flashover in the ISO 9705 room, which was partly covered
by GRP panels. Östman and Tsantaridis’ empirical linear regression model and multiple discriminant function analysis (MDA)
were used in the prediction. Three room-scale GRP fire tests were conducted in ISO 9705 room and the results were compared
with the prediction.
Authors:Dong-Ho Rie, Sung-Woong Moon, and Kyung-Bum Lim
bromine-based flame retardant agents.
For combustion tests, a conecalorimeter test (ISO 5660 standards, manufacturing by ASTM E 1354 [ 6 ], ConeCalorimeter 2006, Festec International Co., Ltd
Authors:Qiang Wu, Jianwen Bao, Chuck Zhang, Richard Liang, and Ben Wang
epoxy carbon fiber composites. Their flammability behaviors were investigated by conecalorimeter. The thermo-oxidation stability and low gas permeability of buckypapers or CNF nanofiber are key roles in improving flame-retardant properties of composites
Authors:Ivan Šimkovic, Robert H. White, and Anne M. Fuller
cellulosic materials continue to be a research area of interests [ 6 – 8 ]. Paper sheets represent a model material not used before for conecalorimeter study. These sheets consist solely of cellulose, which eliminates the effect of lignin and hemicelluloses
Authors:Qiang Wu, Chuck Zhang, Richard Liang, and Ben Wang
Organic–inorganic hybrid composites of epoxy and phenyltrisilanol polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (Ph7Si7O9(OH)3, POSS-triol) were prepared via in situ polymerization of epoxy monomers. The nanocomposites of epoxy with POSS-triol can
be prepared in the presence of metal complex latent catalyst, aluminum triacetylacetonate ([Al]) for the reaction between
POSS-triol and diglycidyl ether of bisphenol A (DGEBA). The dispersion morphology of organic–inorganic hybrid was characterized
by scanning electronic microscopy (SEM). The thermostability of composites was evaluated by thermal gravimetric (TG) analysis.
The flammability was evaluated by cone calorimeter test. The presence of [Al] latent catalyst leads to a decrease in combustion
rate with respect to epoxy and epoxy/POSS composites as well as reduction in smoke, CO and CO2 production rate. The effect of [Al] is to reduce the size of spherical POSS particles from 3–5 μm in epoxy/POSS to 0.5 μm
in epoxy/POSS[Al]. Furthermore, POSS with smaller size may form compact and continue char layer on the surface of composites
Authors:Shibin Nie, Mingxu Zhang, Shujie Yuan, Guanglong Dai, Ningning Hong, Lei Song, Yuan Hu, and Xueli Liu
maintained at 160 °C and the roller speed was 60 rpm. The samples are listed in Table 1 . The prepared composites were hot-pressed into sheets with suitable thickness and size for UL-94, LOI and conecalorimeter tests.
(FTIR), and conecalorimeter tests. The results in this study are compared with similar approaches described in the literature [ 5 – 13 ].
In previous research it was demonstrated that eluents from sugar beet residues could affect the flame