Authors:Jesús Rey-Rocha, María Martín-Sempere and Belén Garzón
We present some results of an evaluation of research performance of Spanish senior university researchers in Geology. We analyse
to what extent productivity of individual researchers is influenced by the level of consolidation of the team they belong
to. Methodology is based on the combination of a mail survey carried out among a defined set of researchers, and a bibliometric
study of their scientific output. Differences among researchers have been investigated with regard to team size and composition,
patterns of publication in domestic and foreign journals, productivity, co-authorship of papers, and impact of publications.
Results indicate that not belonging to a research team represents a handicap at the time of publishing in top international
journals. Researchers belonging to consolidated teams are more productive than their colleagues in non-consolidated teams,
and these in turn more than individuals without team. Team size does not appear to be as important for scientific productivity
as the number of researchers within the team that reached a stable job position. Analysis of the impact factor of journals
has not revealed differences among researchers with regard to the visibility of their papers.
Authors:Jesús Rey-Rocha, Belén Garzón-García and M. José Martín-Sempere
Empirical evidence is given on how membership in a consolidated, well-established research team provides researchers with
some competitive advantage as compared to their colleagues in non-consolidated teams. Data were obtained from a survey of
researchers ascribed to the 'Biology and Biomedicine' area of the Spanish Council for Scientific Research, as well as from
their curricula vitae. One quarter of the scientists work as members of teams in the process of consolidation. Our findings
illustrate the importance, for the development and consolidation of research teams, of the availability of a minimum number
of researchers with a permanent position and of a minimum number of support staff and non-staff personnel (mainly post-doctoral
fellows). Consolidation of research teams has a clear influence on the more academic-oriented quantitative indicators of the
scientific activity of individuals. Researchers belonging to consolidated teams perform quantitatively better than their colleagues
in terms of the number of articles published in journals covered in the Journal Citation Reports, but not in terms of the impact of these publications. Consolidation favours publication, but not patenting, and it also
has a positive effect on the academic prestige of scientists and on their capacity to train new researchers. It does not significantly
foster participation in funded R&D projects, nor does it influence the establishment of international collaborations. Impact
is influenced to a remarkable degree by seniority and professional background, and is significantly greater for young scientists
who have spent time abroad at prestigious research laboratories.
Authors:María Martín-Sempere, Jesús Rey-Rocha and Belén Garzón-García
We analyse to what extent research collaboration and performance of individual scientists is influenced by the level of consolidation
of the team they belong to. A case study of Spanish senior university researchers in Geology is performed. Methodology is
based on the combination of a mail survey carried out among a defined set of researchers, and a bibliometric study of their
scientific output. Results provide support for the hypothesis that consolidation of research teams would result in a greater
facility to establish contacts and collaborations with colleagues, that could benefit all members of the team, fostering their
participation in funded projects and favouring their potential to publish in international mainstream journals.
Authors:M. Martín-Sempere, Belén Garzón-García and Jesús Rey-Rocha
The effects of team consolidation and social integration on individual scientists’ activity and performance were investigated
by analysing the relationships between these factors and scientists’ productivity, impact, collaboration patterns, participation
in funded research projects and programs, contribution to the training of junior researchers, and prestige. Data were obtained
from a survey of researchers ascribed to the Biology and Biomedicine area of the Spanish Council for Scientific Research,
and from their curricula vitae. The results show that high levels of team consolidation and of integration of the scientist
within his or her team are factors which might help create the most favourable social climate for research performance and
productivity. Researchers who carried out their activity in a social climate characterized by these factors participated in
more domestic research projects and supervised more doctoral dissertations than the rest of their colleagues. They were also
more productive, as shown by the higher number of papers published in journals included in the Journal Citation Reports and
the higher number of patents granted. These metrics are the main indicators taken into account in the evaluation of the research
activity of Spanish scientists, and are therefore the activities that scientists invest the most energy in with a view to
obtaining professional recognition. The results corroborate the importance of research teamwork, and draw attention to the
importance of teamwork understood not as two or more scientists working together to solve a problem, but as a complex process
involving interactions and interpersonal relations within a particular contextual framework
This paper studies the main bibliometric figures in order to analyse the "states of the art" and the evolution of research in physics in Catalonia (Spain) between 1981 and 1998 via the National Citation Report (NCR) for Catalonia elaborated by ISI (Institute for Scientific Information). The main indicators and parameters used are: bibliometric size, rate of citation, citedness of papers, concentration of scientific categories, journals and types of paper, index of immediacy, international collaboration, and papers and citation distribution by research centres and universities.
In working with soft soils from tailings unusual material behavior was observed, which could not be explained, using conventional geotechnical models. Therefore the scope of the research has been widened, and experiments with viscous material models began. The aim of the research was to interpret the rheological models indicating viscous behavior into geotechnical practice and looking up existing geotechnical models, which include viscosity and examining their applicability in everyday praxis.