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Abstract  

The dilution enthalpies of D-mannitol and D-sorbitol in aqueous sodium chloride solution at various concentrations have been determined by isothermal microcalorimetry at 298.15 K. The homogeneous enthalpic interaction coefficients over a quite large range of concentration of aqueous sodium chloride solutions have been calculated according to the excess enthalpy concept. The results show that enthalpic pairwise interaction coefficients (h 2) of D-mannitol and D-sorbitol are positive in aqueous sodium chloride solution and become more positive with increase of the concentration of sodium chloride. The results are interpreted in terms of the different conformations of the two polyols, solute-solute and solute-solvent interactions involved by solvent effects.

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Abstract  

The ultra-slow modes with a relaxation time much longer than 1 ns are discovered by a time-resolved spectroscopy in uniaxial ferroelectric (NH2CH2COOH)3H2SO4 (TGS) and in glass-former HOCH2(CHOH)4CH2OH (D-sorbitol). A mode discovered in TGS is a thermal relaxational mode and is proved to be the physical origin of the central peak found by Brillouin scattering. Two modes are discovered in D-sorbitol. One is a thermal relaxational mode. The other is a mode characterized by the Kohlraush-Williams-Watts function with a relaxation time R. A remarkable result is that R indicates a critical behavior not at the liquid-glass transition temperature T g =–7°C but at the ergodic to nonergodic transition temperature T c=33°C.

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. 29. Brandt , KB , Elbokl , TA , Detellier , C 2003 Intercalation and interlamellar grafting of polyols in layered aluminosilicates. D-Sorbitol and adonitol derivatives of kaolinite . J Mater Chem 13 : 2566 – 2572 10

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Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
Authors: Zhao Namula, Yoko Sato, Manita Wittayarat, Quynh Anh Le, Nhien Thi Nguyen, Qingyi Lin, Maki Hirata, Fuminori Tanihara, and Takeshige Otoi

maturation medium, consisting of 25 mM HEPES tissue culture medium 199 with Earle's salts (TCM 199; Invitrogen Co., Carlsbad, CA, USA) supplemented with 10% (v/v) porcine follicular fluid, 50 µM sodium pyruvate (Sigma-Aldrich), 2 mg/mL D-sorbitol (Wako Pure

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