The article introduces a research that examined the impact of family on the cooperation of individual family members in family-owned businesses by applying a theoretical framework based on family therapy, family business research and social value research. Firstly, it presents a model based on blending family therapy and social research on the individual’s value preferences with the aim of exploring the internal structure of this family effect. It also shows a possible family business consulting method in order to observe and handle the dynamics of this internal structure. Then, testing of the described model and consulting method is conducted by multiple-embedded case study research. Based on the results, refining statements are formulated regarding the applicability of family therapy in family business consulting and social value research.
Authors:Marlena Dzikowska, Marian Gorynia, Barbara Jankowska, and Maciej Pietrzykowski
The potential accession to the euro zone is a very current issue for Poland. Its importance is increased by the consequences of the recent economic crisis that can be seen in the global economy and particularly in the economies of European Union member states. The paper finds that the analyzed sample of companies is dominated by euro-enthusiasts, who are aware of the opportunities and risks related to “euro-based” operation. Neutralization of the risks associated with entering the euro zone and companies’ ability to take full advantage of it should be supported by thoughtful economic policy actions. The proposed set of recommendations is very extensive, but some are highlighted in details.
The internalisation level of sustainability issues varies among topics and among countries. Companies give up less internalised issues for more internalised ones. Discrepancies between legal, market and cultural internalisation lead to different escape strategies: firms develop a high level environmental management system and they have nice sustainability policy and reports. These achievements cover the fact that their total emission keeps increasing and they do not proceed in solving the most crucial global community or corporate governance problems. ‘Escaper’ firms are often qualified as ‘leading’ ones, as a current stream of research is also ‘escapist’: it puts too much emphasis on sustainability efforts as compared to sustainability performance. Genuine strategies focus on hardcore sustainability issues and absolute effects rather than on issues easily solved and having high PR effects. They allow for growth in innovative firms, if they crowd out less efficient or more polluting ones. They produce positive environmental value added when sector average eco-efficiency is used as benchmark and do not accelerate market expansion and consumerism.
Food processing companies in the members of the Visegrad Group have had similar conditions to sustain and develop their business activities since entering the single European market in 2004. It is necessary above all to stress the levelling instruments of the Common Agricultural Policy within the context of negative external impacts, which diminish in relation to the economic status of businesses, specifi cally SMEs. The objective of this paper is to identify similarities and differences in the profi tability of foodstuff producers from the Visegrad countries during the global economic crisis between 2008 and 2012. The paper uses fi nancial and non-fi nancial factors and employs a multiple correspondence analysis approach. Corporate fi nancial data for the companies was sourced from the Amadeus of Bureau van Dijk database for 2008-2012. Non-fi nancial factors within the sample of business entities include economic size and residence. The fi ndings reveal similarities in corporate profi tability among observed countries of residence and other distinctive factors.
The aim of this study is to examine the impact of selected determinants on various categories of profitability in the Polish agriculture. To answer this question, we employed a unique panel of 78 entities. We found that subsidies had a negative effect on profitability of large farms. Moreover, they did not detect a significant impact of variables related to farm operator. Financial surplus to liabilities had a positive impact on both ROS and ROA. Moreover, the significance of using the risk management tools and shaping the ratio of rented land to total land are underlined as important managerial implications. Diagnostics of the model indicated the advantage of the models with fixed effects (FE) over the models with random effects (RE).
Based on a literature review, we develop a research profile that illustrates that survey-based, trustrelated empirical research has severe limitations. It usually carries out general relationship analysis using single end or quasi two-sided sampling and classic statistical constructs. We designed and carried out an empirical research that was highly situational, applied dyadic operationalisation, pairwise sampling, and dyadic data analysis — a special statistical approach and toolset developed by psychologists and used to analyse interdependencies in relationships. Our main contribution is methodological and theoretical since the paper gives a structured overview on the methodological challenges in analysing mutuality in trust, but also in other relational attributes. The paper not only makes these methodological problems explicit, but also offers a potential solution to overcome some of their limitations.
Authors:M. Hassanzadeh, M. H. Bozorgmehri Fard, J. Buyse, and E. Decuypere
The beneficial effects of different lighting programmes on the incidence of ascites was investigated in an experiment with 360 three-day-old male broiler chickens. At 3 days of age, chicks were randomly divided over three rooms in a high-altitude farm, 2000 m above sea level. During days 14 to 28 ambient temperature decreased during the night but the minimum temperature did not descend below 15°C. In the first room the continuous lighting schedule (CL, 23L:1D) was maintained and in the second room an intermittent lighting schedule (IL, 1L:3D), repeated six times daily, was imposed from 3 days of age. In the third room, an increasing photoperiod schedule (IP, 4 to 14 days, 6L:18D; 15 to 21 days, 10L:14D; 22 to 28 days, 14L:10D; 29 to 35 days, 18L:6D; 36 to 42 days, 23L:1D) was provided. Mortality associated with right ventricular failure and ascites was numerically lower in birds reared under the IL and IP schedules compared to birds reared under the CL schedule, which can be attributed to the temporary reduction in relative growth and feed intake in IL and IP birds. It was concluded that the beneficial effect of lighting schedules could be due to a reduced metabolic rate as a consequence of the altered growth trajectory, as also reflected in the lower haematocrit and plasma T3 levels of IL and IP birds compared to CL birds.
In dimension d = 2, the ‘log L’ term has power zero, which corresponds to a Theorem due to . The power on log L in dimension d ≥ 3 appears to be new, and supports a well-known conjecture on the L1 norm of DN. Comments on the discrepancy function in Hardy space also support the conjecture.
Bell Research (2002): Magyar Infokommunikációs Jelentés [Hungarian Info-communicational Report]. Budapest: Bell Research-Think Consulting