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Abstract  

This work proposes thermal characterization as analytical methodology for the identification and purity assay of warifteine, an alkaloid in Cissampelos sympodialis Eichl. Thermal and kinetic parameters were determined by means of TG and DSC photovisual studies. The TG results showed that the decomposition of warifteine in air and nitrogen atmospheres proceeds in three and four steps, respectively. The TG data allowed calculation of the kinetic parameters of warifteine. The activation energy values obtained by different methods displayed a good correlation. With the DSC photovisual system applied it is possible to detect the impurity level in warifteine after its purification.

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Abstract  

Thermal characterization is proposed as analytical methodology for the purity assay of lapachol, and for determination of the quality parameters of capsules containing this molecule. The TG data revealed that lapachol is more stable in the presence of adjuvants, showing the good quality of the formulation. The kinetic parameters obtained were lower for lapachol drug than for the formulated lapachol. The DSC data demonstrated good compatibility between lapachol drug and the adjuvant in the formulated lapachol, and did not reveal impurities such as secondary products of the isolation and recrystallization processes. The data were confirmed by the DSC-photovisual findings.

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Abstract  

The present work proposes evaluation of the gelatinization processes of starch by means of DSC coupled with a photovisual system. The use of DSC, TG and DTA for a fast and efficient evaluation of the starch is suggested. The DSC curves of starch gels with water contents of 20, 30, 40 and 50% (mass/v) exhibited different phase transitions, corresponding to the gelatinization processes at the different water contents for the different lots. The DSC-photovisual system confirmed calorimetric behaviour differences between the starch lots studied.

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Abstract  

The compatibilities and stabilities of some binary mixtures and generic hydrochlorothiazide formulations were studied by using TG, DSC and a DSC-photovisual system. The kinetic parameters were determined via the Arrhenius equations. Tablet B presented higher compatibility and thermal stability than those of tablets A and C. The photovisual system demonstrated that the decomposition of tablet A occurs before the melting point, due to the Maillard reaction between the hydrochlorothiazide and lactose present in the formulation. The behaviour and rate constants of binary mixtures suggest that lactose can be substituted for microcrystalline cellulose, MC(101), in tablet A. The DSC and TG data revealed different characteristics of compatibility and stability in generic formulations from different manufacturers.

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1. Aragão , CFS , Filho , JMB , Macêdo , RO . Thermal characterization of warifteine by means of TG and a DSC photovisual system . J Therm Anal Calorim . 2001 ; 64 : 185 10.1023/A:1011593214548

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Agna Hélia de Oliveira, Elisana Afonso de Moura, Márcia Ferraz Pinto, José Valdilânio Virgulino Procópio, Valmir Gomes de Souza, Fábio Santos de Souza, and Rui Oliveira Macêdo

.0 °C min −1 from room temperature up to 250.0 °C. The DSC photovisual system was connected to a computer using Assimetrix software. The pictures of the sample were visualized and recorded at real time according to their DSC curves observing the phase

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