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Summary

In this study, I am arguing that the words ἱερόσυλος (temple-robber) and κατάρατος (accursed) are key elements in Demosthenes' speech Against Timocrates. In both cases, I argue that in this speech, elements of religious vocabulary are clearly used, Demosthenes legitimately and convincingly uses such strong expressions against his opponents. As these words rarely occur in classical period texts, I am going to examine in parallel the fifth to third centuries BC prosaic texts, furthermore the epigraphical sources and the dramas, which are the primary conditions for understanding the role of these words in argumentation.

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áttekintést közölt a Démosthenés ellen című (továbbiakban Dem.) beszéd papiruszának, a hat (?) csoportra szétesett töredékegyüttes történetéről, azonosításukról és lelőhelyeikről. 1 A kiváló olasz filológus bizonyosan Jensen 1917. évi kritikai kiadásának

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fertur adversus Aristogitonem oratione . Diss. Cervimontii 1883; SCHAEFER, A.: Demosthenes und seine Zeit . Bd. III. Leipzig 1887; SCHLÄFKE, R.: De Demosthenis quae dicuntur adversus Aristogitonem orationibus . Diss. Gryphiae 1913; VINCE, J. H

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, akkor a szabadlábra helyezett személyt bebörtönzik, továbbá a kezesek vagyonát is elkobozzák. 22 Erre válaszul Diodóros graphé nomon mé epitédeion theinai perbe fogta Timokratést, 23 a beszéd szövegírója pedig Démosthenés volt. 24 A Timokratés elleni

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The sixtieth speech in the Demosthenic corpus should be regarded as an authentic text of the funeral oration for the Athenian dead from the battle of Chaeronea in 338 BC. Its authenticity was denied by Dionysius of Halicarnassus and other ancient critics on stylistic grounds, but the stylistic differences between the Funeral Oration and other Demosthenic speeches can be explained by the difference in genre. The funeral orations of Lysias and Hyperides are similarly different from other material by those authors, and the content of the Demosthenic speech well suits its historical and literary context.

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The use of both the word keryx and the term ant’ agores themenos in Solon’s Salaminian elegy led to misunderstandings, and on the basis of the poem’s words, subsequent authors supposed that Solon presented his work as a herald on the agora . If he was indeed a herald, then — just like Aischines — he must have had a pilidion (a hat to guarantee his safety) on. Therefore Solon had not been condemned to statutory death. The pilidion was later on considered a sign of madness as a result of semantic change or radiation. Consequently, in the first century Philodemus and Cicero wrote about Solon as a madman. Yet in the case of a wise statesman this motive demanded further explanation, which is why the incident was marked as Solon’s genial idea: as if he had been aware that standing up for his cause feigning to be mad was a way to avoid punishment.

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felmerült, korábbi álláspontomtól eltérő vagy azt részben kiegészítő megállapítások indokolják. 1 A közbevetett beszélgetés (hypophora) A császárkori szónoklattani szakíró, Tiberios Démosthenés alakzatairól írt rövid értekezésének 39. fejezetében

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covered the ground of one’s actions, on the one hand, and one’s state of mind, on the other. 11 That hybris involved a psychological state is illustrated, for example, by Conon’s behaviour described by Demosthenes in Against Conon . Demosthenes relates

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Diktion ein; unter anderem den Worten des Rhetors Demosthenes schreibt er Farbe zu. 2 und bei Thukydides erkennt er Authentizität und natürliche Farbe. 3 Schließlich mündete der Topos der Farbigkeit in das berühmte horazische Diktum ut pictura poesis

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