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Abstract  

The properties of polymeric blends originate from the synergistic association of their components. In this investigation, phenolic resins obtained by the reaction of cashew-nut shell liquid (CNSL) and aldehyde are used in several applications. Mixtures of CNSL with industrial reject ethylene-co-vinyl acetate (EVA reject) were prepared with an EVA reject content up to 70%. The thermal compatibility and stability were evaluated by means of thermogravimetry (TG), derivative thermogravimetry (DTG) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). For blends containing a high percentage of EVA reject, the TG curves clearly show two decomposition stages, one at 350‡C and the other at 450‡C (onset 467‡C). The DIG curves of the blend containing 70% CNSL exhibit decomposition at 240‡C. The DSC curves show that the samples containing a high percentage of EVA reject are incompatible, withT g values around −30‡C.

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Abstract  

Thermal stability and degradation processes in PVC/EVA systems were evaluated for a series of EVAs with different vinyl acetate contents. The experimental data revealed a relationship between the thermogravimetric curves and the degree of interaction in the mixtures as compared to the pure polymers, which is consistent with the results of microscopic analysis. Kinetic parameters and lifetime data on the mixtures were also calculated.

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Abstract  

The thermal behaviour of styrene butadiene rubber (SBR)/poly (ethylene-co-vinyl acetate) (EVA) blends was studied by using thermogravimetry (TG) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The effects of blend ratio, cross-linking systems and compatibilization on the thermal stability and phase transition of the blends were analyzed. It was found that the mass loss of the blends at any temperature was lower than that of the components, highlighting the advantage of blending SBR and EVA. The addition of compatibilizer was also found to improve the thermal stability. DSC studies indicated the thermodynamic immiscibility of SBR/EVA system even in the presence of the compatibilizer. This is evident from the presence of two different glass transition temperatures, corresponding to SBR and EVA phases in both compatibilized and uncompatibilized blends.

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Abstract  

The miscibility of blends of poly(vinyl-chloride) (PVC) with poly(ethylene-co-vinyl acetate) (EVA) was investigated through analog calorimetry and a group contribution procedure based on the UNIQUAC model. The group contribution parameters quantifying the pair interactions between the structural features of the above polymers were calculated from experimental excess enthalpies of a series of binary mixtures of chlorocompounds, esters and hydrocarbons. Enthalpy data were also collected for the ternary mixtures (2-chloropropane+ethyl acetate+n-heptane) and (2-chlorobutane + methyl acetate+n-heptane), chosen as possible models for the studied macromolecular mixtures. The miscibility window of the PVC-EVA blends is fairly predicted by the group contribution method. It is also acceptably predicted by the enthalpic behaviour of the first ternary set, but only when the latter is calculated with binary data. A slightly narrower miscibility range is predicted by the binary interaction model. The results of these procedures are compared and the higher reliability of the group contribution procedure is emphasized in terms of its capability to reproduce the exact structure of the macromolecules and the non-univocal choice of the model molecules involved in the analog calorimetry approach.

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combination of mercapto and oxazoline groups have been reported by Oliveira et al. [ 9 – 11 ]. Thermogravimetric analysis (TG), thermal aging, and dynamic mechanical behavior of NBR/ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) blends have been reported by Varghese et al. [ 12

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increase in crystallinity. Moly et al. [ 30 ] have studied the effect of compatibilization on the dynamic mechanical properties of LLDPE/EVA blends and found that compatibilization increased the storage modulus of the system which is due to the fine

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