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The modes of decomposition of a few rare earth metal formates and benzoates were studied by the use of DTA, DSC, TG and DTG techniques in air, nitrogen and vacuum. The volatile products and residues were identified. The activation energies of decompositions and the heat of reaction for transitions were calculated.

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The present work reports an experimental thermochemical study supported by state of the art calculations of two heterocyclic compounds containing oxygen in the ring: xanthone and tetrahydro-γ-pyrone. The standard (pº = 0.1 MPa) molar enthalpies of formation in the condensed phase, at T = 298.15 K, were derived from the measurements of the standard molar energies of combustion in oxygen atmosphere, using a static bomb calorimeter. The standard molar enthalpies of sublimation or vaporization, at T = 298.15 K, of the title compounds were obtained from Calvet microcalorimetry measurements. These values were used to derive the standard enthalpies of formation of the compounds in the gas-phase at the same temperature, which were compared with estimated data from G3(MP2)//B3LYP computations.

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High-temperature differential scanning calorimetry was used to investigate the thermodynamic parameters of the γ–β and β–α transitions in calcium pyrophosphate (Ca2P2O7). The measured enthalpy of transition compared well with previous results when higher heating rates (≥20 K min−1) were used. Recommendations for optimal use of HTDSC in high-temperature phase transition measurements are presented.

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The phase transition and the crystal structures of CuITe were investigated by differential thermal analysis and X-ray powder diffraction measurements in the temperature range between 300 and 683 K. The new phase transition in CuITe was observed at 592 K. The enthalpy of transition is ΔH=0.125 kJ mol-1. The new phase above 592 K belongs to tetragonal system with the space group I41 /amd.

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The thermal denaturation of β-lactoglobulin in the presence of urea and alkylurea solutions were measured. In the presence of a high concentration of urea this protein shows not only heat but also cold denaturation. For studying the effect of temperature two methods were used, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and UV-spectroscopy. DSC provides direct model-independent determination of the transition enthalpy in comparison with UV-spectroscopy, which gives only apparent or van't Hoff enthalpy of transition. The UV-melting curves were analyzed on the basis of a two-state approximation. The apparent standard enthalpies of thermal denaturation, ΔH app. o , were compared with calorimetric ones.

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Treatment of water-induced curvature of the DSC heat flow rate signal

Applied to fractionated nucleation of polypropylene dispersed in water

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Julen Ibarretxe, Gabriël Groeninckx, and Vincent B. F. Mathot

-order polynomial function. Then, by integration of the area between the measured curve and the extrapolated curve and comparison of that integrated area ([ A 1 − A 2 ] T , as shown in Fig. 10 ) to the reference enthalpy of transition of the polymer ( ) at the

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Caffeine has been found to display a low-temperatureβ- and a high-temperatureα-modification. By quantitative DTA the following data were determined: transformation temperature 141±2°; enthalpy of transition 4.03±0.1 kJ·mole−1; enthalpy of fusion 21.6±0.5 kJ·mole−1; molar heat capacity
\documentclass{aastex} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{bm} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{pifont} \usepackage{stmaryrd} \usepackage{textcomp} \usepackage{upgreek} \usepackage{portland,xspace} \usepackage{amsmath,amsxtra} \pagestyle{empty} \DeclareMathSizes{10}{9}{7}{6} \begin{document} $$\begin{array}{*{20}c} {{\vartheta \mathord{\left/ {\vphantom {\vartheta {^\circ C}}} \right. \kern-\nulldelimiterspace} {^\circ C}}} & {100(\beta )} & {100(\alpha )} & {150(\alpha )} & {100(\alpha )} \\ {{{C^\circ _\mathfrak{p} } \mathord{\left/ {\vphantom {{C^\circ _\mathfrak{p} } {J \cdot K^{ - 1} \cdot mole^{ - 1} }}} \right. \kern-\nulldelimiterspace} {J \cdot K^{ - 1} \cdot mole^{ - 1} }}} & {271 \pm 9} & {287 \pm 10} & {309 \pm 11} & {338 \pm 10} \\ \end{array}$$ \end{document}
in good accord with drop-calorimetric data. For the constants of the equation log (p/Pa)=−A/T+B, static vapour pressure measurements on liquid and solidα-caffeine, and effusion measurements on solidβ-caffeine yielded:
\documentclass{aastex} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{bm} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{pifont} \usepackage{stmaryrd} \usepackage{textcomp} \usepackage{upgreek} \usepackage{portland,xspace} \usepackage{amsmath,amsxtra} \pagestyle{empty} \DeclareMathSizes{10}{9}{7}{6} \begin{document} $$\begin{array}{*{20}c} {A = 3918 \pm 37; 5223 \pm 28; 5781 \pm 35K^{ - 1} } \\ {B = 11.143 \pm 0.072; 13.697 \pm 0.057; 15.031 \pm 0.113} \\ \end{array}$$ \end{document}
. The evaporation coefficient ofβ-caffeine is 0.17±0.03.
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determination of the precise Curie temperature. As this kind of transition (second order) is not associated with an enthalpy of transition, it is not possible in these conditions to use the Vant’ Hoff law. A survey of the binary phase diagram shows that there is

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) > T melting (II)] also shows higher enthalpy of transition [Δ H melting (I) > Δ H melting (II)] in the normal pressure conditions. Thus, from the T melting and Δ H melting values shown in Table 2 , the monotropic transition from form II for the

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.3 J/g [ 18 ]) does not vary with soil type and the observed enthalpy can be used to evaluate quartz content in any soil sample [ 15 ]. The measurement of enthalpy of transition of quartz in soils is best accomplished from the exothermic DSC peak on

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