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Five universities were cooperating by an Erasmus Intensive Program entitled Parzival meets modern architecture. Coordinator of the program was the Fachhochschule Joanneum University of Applied Sciences from Graz, Austria. Four universities from four countries were the project partners, among them the University of Pécs. Altogether 56 students tried to find a solution for the future of the Castle of Borl in Slovenia. The castle was originally built in the 11–12th century. Its other name is the Castle of Ankenstein. It is located on a cliff over the river Drava. The history of the castle is somehow related to the legend of Parzival. As the building is situated in a beautiful landscape it is really important for the Slovenian government to find a solution for the function and for the future of Borl. The international cooperation of the above mentioned five universities hopefully could help local and national authorities to decide how the Castle of Borl should be developed.

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The importance of the early translations, copied or printed, derived from a parallel process that fostered the development of a standard version of the Hungarian language and the norms of literary Hungarian. In Hungary Benedek Komjáti, Gábor Pesti and János Sylvester fulfilled the Erasmus program of translating and distributing the Hungarian translations of the Holy Scriptures. They knew that to achieve this they had to find the appropriate linguistic form. Therefore, they wrote also pieces in diff erent genres and did prepare Bible translations only. Due to the changes brought about by Reformation people needed new books in the vernacular in all areas of life, for example school books, catechisms, church constitution (Kirchenordnung) and of course the Bible. In the century of the Reformation, the Hungarian Protestant ministers who knew languages followed Erasmus’ example and felt their duty to translate the Holy Scriptures into Hungarian. at the end of the century the first complete Bible in Hungarian was published in Vizsoly in 1590, which was prepared by a circle of scholars. The first complete Catholic Bible translation was published in 1626 in Viennna thanks partly to György Káldi and partly to Péter Pázmány.

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. 19. Erasmus , JJC , Conradie , J 2011 Inorg Chim Acta 375 : 128 – 134 10.1016/j.ica.2011.04.041 . 20. Furniss BS , Hannaford AJ

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Abstract  

The general usefulness of neutron activation analysis (NAA) for samples containing the platinum group elements (PGE) and Au, either as major or trace consituents, is discussed. Charged particle activation is shown to be a viable or complementary alternative. Proton (6–10 MeV) and alpha particle (9–15 MeV) beams, produced in a Tandem van de Graaff accelerater, have been established to be the most effective choice. By taking advantage of the Coulomb Barrier Effect and the fact that many charged particle induced reactions have relatively large threshold values, the same instrumental technique can be applied, with minor modifications, to a wide range of materials.

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Abstract  

The general usefulness of neutron activation analysis (NAA) for samples containing the platinum group elements (PGE) and Au, either as major or trace constituents, is discussed. Charged particle activation is shown to be a viable or complementary alternative. Proton (6–10 MeV) and alpha particle (9–15 MeV) beams, produced in a Tandem van de Graaff accelerator, have been established to be the most effective choice. By taking advantage of the Coulomb barrier effect and the fact that many charged particle induced reactions have relatively large threshold values, the same instrumental technique can be applied, with minor modifications, to a wide range of materials.

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Abstract  

The NIMROC reference materials NIM-D, NIM-G, NIM-L, NIM-N, NIM-P, and NIM-S and the precious metal ore PTO-1 have been analysed using thermal and epithermal methods of instrumental neutron activation. The abundances of 40 major, minor and trace elements are reported. The usefulness of the NIMROC reference materials is assessed in terms of the requirements of neutron activation techniques. Of the seven reference materials, NIM-L is the most useful geochemical material for activation analysis. It contains suitably high concentrations of most elements that can be determined. Inhomogeneity problems encountered in PTO-1 for some elements give emphasis to the difficulty of selecting suitable geological material for ultra-trace elements where small quantities of sample are used.

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countries, i.e., the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia. The study provides an exciting opportunity to advance our knowledge of the potential economic impact of international students, with particular focus on ingoing Erasmus+ students. This specific

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: C. Erasmus, J. Sellschop, D. Bibby, H. Fesq, E. Kable, R. Keddy, D. Hawkins, D. Mingay, S. Rasmussen, M. Renan, and J. Watterson

Abstract  

Nuclear techniques for the determination of 39 impurity elements in diamonds are described. A common impurity chemistry was found for different diamonds and is considered to reflect the composition of the magma from which they crystallised. A relatively successful attempt was made to differentiate between diamonds from three different kimberlites by the application of discriminant analysis.

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Summary

Among old Dutch proverbs and those in Japanese there are many similar views of life, wisdom and moral lessons, even though the phrasing may differ. The present author discusses twelve proverbs from Pieter Bruegel the Elder's Netherlandish Proverbs (1559) in Berlin and corresponding old Japanese proverbs and sayings in Japanese art to compare expressions, items of each proverb, meaning, degree of morality and other concerns. The present author also refers to some literary (Erasmus, Anna Bijns, Donaes Idinau and Carolus Tuiman and other literati) as well as visual background (misericords, engravings by Frans Hogenberg, Nicolaes Clock and other artists) before and after Bruegel's time as parallel examples. Proverbs in Ukiyoe, illustrations of proverb books, and cartoons by Japanese artists, such as those by Utagawa Toyokuni the Elder, Utagawa Kuniyoshi and Kawanabe Kyôsai, make good comparisons of Bruegel's work. Bruegel's representation of “Casting roses before swine”corresponds to Kuniyoshi's “Gold coins to a cat.”Both indicate almost the same meaning to give valuable advice or things to those who are unable to appreciate them. However, Bruegel's “He falls from the ox onto the ass”is meant to denote falling from a higher position to a lower one, while Kyôsai's “To jump from a cow to a horse”signifies the opposite situation; that is, a man exchanges his old wife for a young wife. In general, Japanese proverbial images give us the impression of a more comic and humorous sentiment than we find in Bruegel's didactic world.

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Orvosi Hetilap
Authors: Jana Balegová, František Šimon, and László András Magyar

). [Latin] 4 Erasmus von Rotterdam: The praise of medicine. [Encomium artis medicae – Lob der Heilkunst.] Ed., transl. Bergdolt, K. Manutius Verlag, Heidelberg, 2008

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