Authors:Andrea Óhidy, Nadine Comes, and Norbert Pikula
Disadvantaged children in the European education system ‘Education for all’, and therefore widening access to education with the aim of creating more social equality, is a long-term goal of the European education policy. In the last decades there
Authors:Togtokhmaa Zagir and Kinga Magdolna Mandel
Introduction Competence is a well-known term in Europe, and the concepts of competence have been widely used in education and training, particularly in teacher training, because it provides a solid basis to build on. Thus, one of the fundamental
aid or police, contemporary large-scale movements are dealt with through multilevel governance at the international, regional, intergovernmental, and state levels ( Panizzon & van Riemsdijk, 2018 ).
At the European region, international
education (26). In the research papers of Europe private tutoring is the most common term; in Asia shadow education is most common; and in North America, after-school is most common. Shadow education has been defined as a specific form of private
While European vocational education and training (VET) has deep and century-long historic roots, its incorporation into public formal education systems is of a more recent date. Until the mid-20th century
The Enlargement of the European Union to the East in 2004 and 2007 gave the EU some new neighbors. Countries that were formerly part of the Soviet Union (Belarus, Moldova, Ukraine, Armenia and Georgia) were now found on the “Eastern frontiers”. Part of the accession negotiations involved strengthening the borders with those countries, yet migration from them has increased. Based on an ethnosurvey funded by INTAS at the European Commission between 2005 and 2007 the paper explores the migration of people into the EU and elsewhere using a survey of their homelands combining quantitative and qualitative methods. The paper challenges conventional notions of migration based upon a one-way passage to a new land. It argues that recent migrations (at least post 1989) are characterized rather by temporary circulation of people and hence would not be classically called “migration”. They include both temporary employment and various kinds of studentship. The project focuses upon people who have already migrated and returned since 2004. It was found that the main destination country for migrants was Russia, reflecting the more welcoming migration policies there to fulfill labor needs. For the European Union, migrants went to Northern European countries mainly by using schemes and agencies, whilst they went to the South and the New Member States by using more informal means including networks.
A dance museum is a rare reality in Europe. As a result of a wide-range research, the author has found ten museums with different levels of dance dissemination presenting interesting approaches in means of communicating the tacit factor of dance knowledge. She has discovered that visitors engage differently in such communication and a variation in technical equipment gives the transmission of knowledge new expressions. Personal descriptions and pictures from the field will illustrate these means. Moreover, interviews with museum staffs have provided various insights into ideologies and methods. This paper attempts to apply the principles of “New Museology” and Article 18 of the 2003 UNESCO Convention for Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH) to dance presentation techniques in the museums discussed. The red thread in this multi-sited fieldwork amongst different types of museums and dance genres in Europe will be highlighted. Findings and visits prove that there still is a clear division between the traditional museums and new museums in regards to the level of visitors’ interaction. In relation to dance and ICH this is a field in its infancy and must be further debated and developed. Interesting points of view come from Museum International articles and New Museology theories and will be the tools of evaluation of what the fieldwork materials present.
Nutrition in Europe is characterised by a positive energy balance, excessive fat and sugar intakes, while consumption of complex carbohydrate sources like bread and potatoes as well as of fruit and vegetables is too low. Together with insufficient physical activity, unhealthy nutrition is considered as the major determinant for the high prevalence of overweight, obesity and related diseases. In addition, current nutrition is often deficient in certain essential micronutrients like folic acid, for instance. Food fortification may help improve the supply, although a diet rich in fruit, vegetables, whole grain cereal and with a moderate fat content is the better option. Fortunately, health awareness of consumers is increasing and this is also mirrored in the popularity of functional food, having beneficial effects on health and wellbeing. While these may contribute to a healthy nutrition, they can only be part of a broad food choice. The requirements of vulnerable population groups are another matter of concern. This is particularly true for the increasing number of elderly that are prone to malnutrition but difficult to reach by new nutrition trends. In conclusion, healthy food choices should be encouraged and special attention be paid to particular risk groups like pregnant women and elderly.