Authors:Angela Yung-Chi Hou, Martin Ince and Chung-Lin Chiang
countries. Germany's excellenceinitiative and the UK's research assessment exercise (now the research excellence framework) are among the earliest initiatives adopted to consolidate national economic and academic development. In Europe, France, Spain
benchmarking some European universities included in ExcellenceInitiatives .
The rest of the paper is organized as follows. “ Methodological aspects in building robust ranks ” section presents the methodological aspects in obtaining robust ranks by
Authors:Maria Benavent-Pérez, Juan Gorraiz, Christian Gumpenberger and Félix de Moya-Anegón
. 2004 ; Gazni and Didegah 2011 ; Gorraiz et al. 2011 ).
Our study on RC is an attempt to estimate the degree of internationalization of academic institutions and regions. Furthermore potential influences of RC on excellenceinitiatives of
biennale “Cortesia e formalità nel rapporto tra lingue e società: dal latino a italiano e spagnolo (LIS-Cort)” finanziata dal programma ExcellenceInitiatives 2017 dell’Università di Bergamo. Ringrazio Chiara Fedriani, Silvia Tantimonaco e due revisori
Authors:Jung Cheol Shin, Soo Jeung Lee and Yangson Kim
; Chang et al. 2009 ; Shin 2009 ). Germany adopted a similar strategy, called the ExcellenceInitiative , to build world class research centers in 2004. As well as these special research funding projects, many other countries are changing their research