A total of 178 aerosol samples in two size fractions, PM10-2.5 (coarse) and PM2.5 (fine), were collected on nucleopore films
using a Gent stacked filter unit sampler at the Graduate School of China Nuclear Industrial Group during May 2007 to November
of 2009. Black carbon was determined by a reflectometer. A total of 16 elements, Mg, Al, S, Si, P, Cl, Ca, K, Ti, Mn, Fe,
Ni, Cu, Zn, As and Pb, were determined by Particle Induced X-ray Emission. Mg, Al, Ca, K and Mn were also determined by Neutron
Activation Analysis. Concentrations of all these elements were used to identify possible pollution sources and directions
of the airborne particulate matter by means of softwares PMF and CPF. Some extraordinary events, such as sandstorms, firework
and transboundary fire smoke were pinpointed by a combination of time series of multielement, relevant meteorological data
and softwares Wind rose, Hysplit, and Google earth.
Authors:E. A. Franceschi, E. A. Franceschi, P. S. Torres, P. S. Torres, D. E. Prado, D. E. Prado, J. P. Lewis, and J. P. Lewis
The River Paraná is the second largest river of South America and its flood plain is covered by different kinds of forests and herbaceous vegetation. It is subject to an annual pulse of flooding; floods larger than the normal annual ones at irregular periods of few year and catastrophic extraordinary floods few times in a century. The last catastrophic flood was in 1983, followed by a short lived high flood in 1992. The catastrophic flood destroyed almost completely the herbaceous vegetation. Our hypotheses are, on the one hand, that the plant communities of this area will be restored rapidly, and on the other, that there will be a succession process which will produce a shift of communities so that, those on the higher part of the elevation gradient will encroach the ones at its lower part. We analyse, by means of the floristic composition, the effect of disturbance induced by catastrophic floods on the vegetation stability and dynamic processes, in an internal depression and pond of the riparian plant communities in an island of the River Paraná valley. The results strongly support the first hypothesis.
Authors:P. Bencze, B. Heilig, B. Zieger, J. Szendrői, J. Verő, H. Lühr, K. Yumoto, Y. Tanaka, and J. Střeštík
The total solar eclipse of August 11, 1999 offered a unique opportunity for the study of its geomagnetic effect — more specifically, of its effect on geomagnetic (Pc3) pulsations, as it swept through Europes many observatories, and additional temporary stations have also been established by Japanese, German and Hungarian groups. The present paper starts with an analysis of the ionospheric-interplanetary background. In the interplanetary medium, no indication was found which could result in any extraordinary event in pulsation activity. The both horizontally and vertically widespread ionospheric effect (electron density decrease) explains a change of the polarisation angle by about ten degrees in the local field line resonance (FLR) band. However, the most significant solar eclipse effect was identified as dramatic clockwise rotation (up to 70 degrees) of the polarisation ellipse of Pc3, Pc4 and Pc5 pulsations. Pulsation data exhibit a strong amplitude decrease (roughly by a factor of two) in and around the totality spot of the eclipse. The decrease is most significant at the local field line resonance (FLR) period. In the actual case, the FLR decrease swept over Europe with a speed being similar to the speed of the dark spot. We suppose that the FLR mechanism was disturbed by the change of particle distribution along the field lines ending in the dark zone due to upward propagation of the electron density decrease caused by the lack of ionising solar radiation in the E-layer of the ionosphere. Thus, the FLR mechanism can be disturbed both from outside, by a sudden change of the interplanetary magnetic field (Verő et al. 1998) and from inside, by a change of the particle density/distribution along the actual field line.
‘heavenly’, and nobody could read it except the addressees [see 171-176]. The idea of this suggestion combined actual common practice (a recruitment letter) and an extraordinaryevent involving God’s intervention. Further pages of Dembołęcki’s book show the