Authors:S. Pirgozliev, R. Ray, S. Edwards, M. Hare, and P. Jenkinson
Saprophytic microflora and non-toxin producing Microdochium spp. capable of causing Fusarium head blight (FHB) have been suggested to affect the development of FHB caused by Fusarium spp., the occurrence of mycotoxins and the efficacy of fungicides for the control of the disease. The effects of metconazole and azoxystrobin on the interactions between Fusarium culmorum and Microdochium spp., Alternaria tenuissima or Cladosporium herbarum on FHB symptom development, Tri5 DNA concentration and deoxynivalenol (DON) production were studied under glasshouse conditions. Results indicated that the sequence of infection of wheat heads and the relative timing of fungicide application can significantly affect FHB severity and the resulting mycotoxin contamination of harvested grain. Introduction of A. tenuissima, C. herbarum or Microdochium spp. to wheat heads at GS 57 before inoculation with F. culmorum at GS 65 generally resulted in increased FHB severity, Tri5 DNA and DON concentration in harvested grain. The greatest increases of FHB severity (266%), Tri5 DNA (79%) and DON (152%) were observed when Microdochium spp. were introduced first at GS 57 and F. culmorum inoculation followed at GS 65. Metconazole generally reduced FHB severity, Tri5 DNA and DON concentration in grain but azoxystrobin was most efficient at reducing DNA of Microdochium spp. in grain.
Authors:Steve Haber, Jeannie Gilbert, and Saber Golkari
, G., Dion, Y., Rioux, S., Gilbert, J., Somers, D. and Martin, R.A. 2008. A systemic approach for the development of FHB resistant germplasm accelerates genetic progress. Cer. Res. Comm. (in press).
Gilbert, J. and Woods, S
Authors:A. Comeau, F. Langevin, V. Caetano, S. Haber, M. Savard, H. Voldeng, G. Fedak, Y. Dion, S. Rioux, J. Gilbert, D. Somers, and R. Martin
., Buerstrmayr, H., Toth, B., Lehoczki-Krsjac, S., Szabo-Hevér, A., Lemmens, M. 2007. An improved strategy for breeding FHB resistant wheat must include type I resistance. 5th Canadian Fusarium Head Blight Workshop. pp. 51
Authors:Carloalberto Petti, Khan Mojibur, and Fiona Doohan
strain MKB 158, can inhibit the development of Fusarium seedling blight disease on wheat and barley. Application of this and other pseudomonads as head sprays inhibits the development of Fusarium head blight disease (FHB) disease on wheat and barley under both field and glasshouse conditions.
strains MKB 158 and MKB 249 also reduced DON contamination of grain under field conditions. Evidence suggests that
does not directly inhibit the growth of
, but that it potentiates host resistance against this disease. Transcriptome profiling identified barley genes differentially expressed as early events in (a) bacterium-induced resistance to seedling blight and (b) heads following
co-inoculation. Bacterium-potentiated resistance to
affects the transcription of many genes that are involved in diverse processes, including cell rescue and defence, metabolism, cell cycle and DNA replication and signalling.