In this paper we look at the security of two block ciphers which were both claimed in the published literature to be secure
against differential crypt-analysis (DC). However, a more careful examination shows that none of these ciphers is very secure
against... differential cryptanalysis, in particular if we consider attacks with sets of differentials. For both these ciphers
we report new perfectly periodic (iterative) aggregated differential attacks which propagate with quite high probabilities.
The first cipher we look at is GOST, a well-known Russian government encryption standard. The second cipher we look at is
PP-1, a very recent Polish block cipher. Both ciphers were designed to withstand linear and differential cryptanalysis. Unhappily,
both ciphers are shown to be much weaker than expected against advanced differential attacks. For GOST, we report better and
stronger sets of differentials than the best currently known attacks presented at SAC 2000  and propose the first attack
ever able to distinguish 16 rounds of GOST from random permutation. For PP-1 we show that in spite of the fact, that its S-box
has an optimal theoretical security level against differential cryptanalysis , , our differentials are strong enough
to allow to break all the known versions of the PP-1 cipher.
In our constribution we explore a combination of local reduction with the method of syllogisms and the applications of generic
guessing strategies in the cryptanalysis of the block cipher GOST. Our experiments show that GOST with 64/128/256 bit key
requires at least 12/16/22 rounds to achieve full bit security against the method of syllogisms combined with the “maximum
Authors:Boris N. Kuznetsov, Svetlana A. Kuznetsova, Vladimir G. Danilov, Olga V. Yatsenkova and Andrey V. Petrov
acetic acid of “chemically pure” grade (GOST 61-75), hydrogen peroxide of medical grade (GOST 177-88), sulfuric acid of “chemically pure” grade (GOST 4204-77) and distilled water (GOST 6709-72).
Delignification of wood sawdust was carried out in a
Authors:E. V. Dokuchits, A. V. Khasin and A. A. Khassin
cooled with liquid nitrogen.
A silver sample was prepared via the reduction of silver oxide by pure hydrogen. Silver oxide was obtained by the precipitation of silver nitrate (99.9% wt. “chemically pure” grade GOST 1277-75) by potassium hydroxide