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Az alábbi tanulmány kísérlet a kiváló magyar festő, Mednyánszky László (1852-1919) új kiadású írásos hagyatékának interpretatív megközelítésére. A művésznaplók különös dokumentumai egy intellektuális tájékozódásban eltelt életnek: görög betűkkel írt - talán szándékosan kódolt - magyar, illetve német nyelvű gondolattöredékek. A szerző képeivel egyszerre született szövegek tehát, amelyek történeti szempontú feltárásra és befogadásra várnak. A művész „töprengéseinek” konstans tárgyai felfoghatók egy tematikus belső beszéd elemeiként. A feljegyzések tartalmi centrumában a XIX. század végi magyar társadalom kataklizmájának, erkölcsi-biológiai romlásának problémája áll. Festőnk e romlás hordozó alapját, magát a Rosszat is megnevezi. Ez pedig nem más, mint a kortársi anyagelvűség, sőt az ontológiai értelemben vett Anyag maga. Ellentéte a naplókban a Lélek, az örök Jó princípiuma, abban az értelem-összefüggésben, ahogyan az a görög idealista hagyományból ránk maradt. A mulandóságnak kitett érzékvilág, a kárhozatos test és a tiszta eszményiség nyelvileg kimutatható toposzai olvastán felvetjük egy platonikus-gnósztikus alapú dualizmus szerepét Mednyánszky világképében.

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The Gospel of John differs fundamentally from the synoptic Gospels, both as an historical source and a literary work. Some scholars consider that this gospel is to be interpreted from gnosis, a 2nd-century Mediterranean religious movement. Others deny this connection, assuming that John’s Gospel originates earlier than the emergence of the gnosis. This paper concentrates on the typical Johannine, and gnostic, motif of “misunderstanding”, which is reflected in the Fourth Gospel as faithlessness and sin. We will examine parallels in the recently discovered Gospel of Judas and in the writings of the Nag Hammadi Library. We will also attempt to interpret the function of “misunderstanding”.

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The concept of right and left has changed during the long Egyptian history. At its beginning the left side is the less honouring one. Evidence can be shown in the statuary of the Old Kingdom, but without consequence. The tradition of the Old Testament diplays the honouring right side in opposition to the dishonouring left side. The New Testament clearly distincts between right and left as honouring and disgracing side. Gnostic thinkers develloped this concept with the consequence that the realm of Good includes the mid too. Hence the left rested alone as the realm of Evil without hope to escape the dead substance. There are, however, relicts of the former Egyptian concept that did consider the sides in a less extreme point of view. The pagan treatises of the Nag Hammadi library and of the Corpus hermeticus seem to maintain original Egyptian views opposite to treatises influenced by Christianity. The demiurge being the logos became a neutral divinity in these treatises, otherwhise the demiurge belongs to the bad sphere. The gnosis put the man in the centre of the reflection, hence he gaines the first place before all powers of the good side who stayed there since the beginning, or who reached the good region after a throughout penitence. The gnostic man reached it by revelation of the divine.

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Grounding Tantric Praxis in the Mahāyāna Meaning and Modes:

An Exoteric Doxography Contained in the Tangut Work Notes on the Keypoints of Mahāmudrā as the Ultimate

Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae
Author: Zhang Linghui

Conceptions of Buddhahood in Indian Sources with Special Reference to the Controversy Surrounding the Existence of Gnosis (jñāna: ye shes) as Presented by the Eleventh-century Tibetan Scholar Rong-zom Chos-kyi-bzang-po . Tokyo : The International Institute

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-Houang . I–II. Paris. Klimkeit, H.-J. (1993): Gnosis on the Silk Road, Gnostic Texts from Central Asia . San Francisco. Köprülü, M. Fuad (1925): Türkiyat Mecmuası 2, S. 559

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received divine grace through DMT is not uncommon and feelings of gratitude can be enduring, as for example, in the following testimony of a 46 year old male respondent [25]: “I return healed, I receive gnosis, healing, inspiration … A spiritual gift

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.001.0001 Pendell , D. ( 2010 ) [2005]. Pharmako Gnosis: Plant teachers and the poison path . Berkeley, CA : North Atlantic Books . Pokras , R

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. Shaw , N. ( 2016 ). Otherworld Gnosis: Fairy ointments and the nuts of knowledge . Psychedelic Press UK, 17, 41 – 53 . Shultes , R. E. , & Hofmann , A. ( 1992

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Western Africa ( Winkelman, 2014b ). Ibogaine is believed to provide a pathway to gnosis , a direct mystical experience that provides communion with ancestors and spirits ( Stafford, 1993 ). It can induce a dreamlike state, causing introspection

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leadership for envisioning God as a supreme oneness (rather than as a trinity or duality); for interpreting the martyrdom of Jesus Christ in metaphorical terms of spiritual rebirth; and for offering initiates “gnosis,” knowledge of spiritual mysteries and

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