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= Reid R. Gogol. A Stoic Approach . Essays in Poetics . Vol. 29 . № 9. Keele , 2004 . 145 – 160 .

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2001 9 235 264 Jackson 1984 = Jackson R. L. Two Views of Gogol and the Crytical Synthesis. Belinskij, Rozanov and Dostoevskij. An

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Studia Slavica
Author:
СЕРГЕЙ ШУЛЬЦ

N. K. Folktale Patterns in Gogol's Vij . Russian Literature 7 ( 1979 ): 665 – 688 . Sobel 1979 S obel R

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. Gogol’s Captain Kopeikin and Cervantes’ Captive Captain. A Case of Metaparody . The Russian Review 55 ( 1996 ): 681 – 691 . Proffer 1967

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Translations are not only an integral part of the development of a standard language but also a point of orientation in cultural affairs. In the case of Ukrainian, starting from the middle of the 19th century, mostly translations of fictional works from Western European languages played an important role. In contrast, Russian literature has been recognized dominantly within world literature. Even in the 1920s only selected works, and often not the major ones, were translated from Russian into Ukrainian. Only when the so-called policy of Ukrainization after 1933 came to an end, was a huge amount of translations from Russian prepared. By examining works from three different writers (Pushkin, Tolstoy, Gogol), who were at least by the 1930s all identified as Russian writers (but maybe of other origin), the author of this article tries to highlight different approaches to translations during Soviet times. A detailed analysis reflects the attempts to influence significant signs of culture and by this either put the translation in a more Ukrainian or a more Russian context.

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From the point of view of historical poetics, the genre model of Gogol’s Dead Souls can be connected to variations of a picaresque novel (Aleman, Grimmelshausen, Sorel, Lesage, Narezhny, etc.). The author demonstrates the proximity of Dead Souls to picaresque novels presuming the possibility of change and transformation of the protagonist.

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The young Gogol published a study on the teaching of geography for children in 1831. At the same time, he was writing the collection of short stories, Evenings on a Farm near Dikanka (1831–1832). We can observe interesting connections between his texts – prose fictions and pedagogical writing – of this period: motives belonging to geography, history and folklore make a specifically large context. The author’s interest in geology, as he writes, in the „underground geography” (“подземная география”) – the earth’s crust, rocks, strata – corresponds with the “underground mythology and folklore” in the Dikanka stories, with the demonic figures ( колдун, ведьма, черт ), places ( abyss, ravine, depths of the earth, swamp, churchyard ) and time ( night ). In this study, on the basis of the Gogol’s long-time unedited manuscripts ( Неизданный Гоголь , ed. by I. A. Vinogradov, Moscow, 2001) we investigate the common roots of the seemingly heterogeneous motives to discover the hidden strata and meanings of his early works.

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The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of two synthetic GnRH analogues, goserelin and leuprolide, to induce ovulation in rabbit does using intravaginal administration. A total of 252 primiparous lactating does were randomly divided into five groups that, at the time of insemination, received the following treatments for ovulation induction: 1 µg of buserelin administered intramuscularly (control group), 5 µg of goserelin added to the semen dose (Group G5), 10 µg of goserelin added to the semen dose (Group G10), 5 µg of leuprolide added to the semen dose (Group L5), and 10 µg of leuprolide added to the semen dose (Group L10). The kindling rate was 80.5% in Group G10 and 75.0% in Group L10; these values are comparable to the kindling rate obtained in the control group (85.9%). The kindling rates in Groups G5 and L5 were significantly lower than in the control group (60.0%, 54.2% and 85.9%, respectively). The number of live-born rabbits was not significantly affected by the ovulation induction treatment. As regards the total number of rabbits born the only significant difference was observed between Groups G5 and L5. This study shows the possibility of inducing ovulation in rabbits by adding goserelin and leuprolide directly to the semen dose.

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Abstract  

The temperature dependence of heat capacity of a natural zinc silicate, hemimorphite Zn4Si2O7(OH)2·H2O, over the temperature range 5–320 K has been investigated by the method of low-temperature adiabatic calorimetry. On the basis of the experimental data on heat capacity over the whole temperature interval, its thermodynamic functions C p (T), S(T) and H(T) − H(0) have been calculated. The existence of a phase transition in the area of 90–105 K determined on the basis of vibrational spectra has been confirmed, and changes of entropy ΔS tr. and enthalpy ΔH tr. of the phase transition have been calculated. Hemimorphite heat capacity has also been determined by the calculation methods according to the valence force field model in LADY program. The values of force constants of valence bonds and angles have been calculated by semi-empirical method PM5. The calculated IR and Raman spectra concordant with the experimental spectra have been obtained. The heat capacity values calculated according to the found vibrational states satisfactorily agree with those experimentally obtained with an accuracy of ±1.7% in the area of 120–200 K, and not more than ±0.8% for the interval of 200–300 K. This fact testifies that the calculation of thermodynamic characteristics is correct.

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= Cattani A. La Dikan’ka di Gogol’ come cronotopo del carnevale bachtiniano . Studia Russica XXIV . Budapest , 2011 . 73 – 83 . Chodorow 1978

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