Bilodid 1955 = Білодід І. К. Питання розвитку мови української радянської художньої прози . Київ, 1955.
Bojanowska 2007 = Bojanowska E. M. Nikolai Gogol. Between Ukrainian and Russian Nationalism . Cambridge, Mass., 2007
The young Gogol published a study on the teaching of geography for children in 1831. At the same time, he was writing the collection of short stories,
Evenings on a Farm near Dikanka
(1831–1832). We can observe interesting connections between his texts – prose fictions and pedagogical writing – of this period: motives belonging to geography, history and folklore make a specifically large context. The author’s interest in geology, as he writes, in the „underground geography” (“подземная география”) – the earth’s crust, rocks, strata – corresponds with the “underground mythology and folklore” in the
stories, with the demonic figures (
колдун, ведьма, черт
), places (
abyss, ravine, depths of the earth, swamp, churchyard
) and time (
). In this study, on the basis of the Gogol’s long-time unedited manuscripts (
, ed. by I. A. Vinogradov, Moscow, 2001) we investigate the common roots of the seemingly heterogeneous motives to discover the hidden strata and meanings of his early works.
Authors:M. Bissengaliyeva, N. Bekturganov, and D. Gogol
The temperature dependence of heat capacity of a natural zinc silicate, hemimorphite Zn4Si2O7(OH)2·H2O, over the temperature range 5–320 K has been investigated by the method of low-temperature adiabatic calorimetry. On the
basis of the experimental data on heat capacity over the whole temperature interval, its thermodynamic functions Cp(T), S(T) and H(T) − H(0) have been calculated. The existence of a phase transition in the area of 90–105 K determined on the basis of vibrational
spectra has been confirmed, and changes of entropy ΔStr. and enthalpy ΔHtr. of the phase transition have been calculated. Hemimorphite heat capacity has also been determined by the calculation methods
according to the valence force field model in LADY program. The values of force constants of valence bonds and angles have
been calculated by semi-empirical method PM5. The calculated IR and Raman spectra concordant with the experimental spectra
have been obtained. The heat capacity values calculated according to the found vibrational states satisfactorily agree with
those experimentally obtained with an accuracy of ±1.7% in the area of 120–200 K, and not more than ±0.8% for the interval
of 200–300 K. This fact testifies that the calculation of thermodynamic characteristics is correct.