The paper presents results of research on a particular group of wooden sculptures originating from a medieval borderland area between Poland and Hungary. A juxtaposition of the group of sculptures in question with particular examples of French sculpture, as well as an analysis of the historical relations between the French and Hungarian milieus of patrons, resulted in a hypothesis about the French origin of the maker of the Central-European figures. Thus, a group of sculptures which plays an important role in the history of art of the Kingdoms of Poland and Hungary has been for the first time associated with a particular Parisian workshop active in the first third of the fourteenth century.
This study deals with the history of the carved stone monuments of the royal provostry church founded by St. Stephen in honour of the Virgin Mary in the early 11th century and destroyed in the time following the Ottoman occupation of the city. The epochs of the research (at least of the reception of the stone monuments) are distinguished in the study as follows: 18. century: the period of the final destruction of few remnants of the church, and the beginning of the first interest for stone (mainly for Roman) monuments. In the Bishop's Garden a collection of carved stones containing besides Roman Antiquities also medieval pieces is formed. The first arcgaeological research on the territory of the ruins was made in 1848, as the graves of King Béla III. and of his Queen could be uncovered in an authentic way. In the second half of the 19th century the monuments of Székesfehérvár were studied as witnesses of national splendour. Imre Henszlmann conducts three excavation campaignes in 1864, 1874 and 1872 with different impacts for his publications. In the first of these he published mainly well known pieces with a few additions of his own findings while in his later books he seems to have been interested mostly by other historic topics and not mentioning important stone findings. In earlier time mainly stones carvings in secondary use could be collected, and now important pieces found in situ came mainly on the Bishop's Palace. This collection represented the Székesfehérvár Church at the Millennary exhibition in 1896. On the basis of the idetification made by using written sources and also visual evidence a group of about 27 pieces with vegetal ornamentation, vhich can be dated certainly on the 12th century, can be probably localized on the eastern part of the medieval church and considered hipotetically as belonging to the early rood screen of the second building period.