The evolution of radiochemistry at the National Atomic Energy Commission (CNEA) in Argentina is analyzed. The antecedents
of the establishment, in 1998, of the Master Programme in Radiochemistry, jointly organized by CNEA and the Buenos Aires Regional
Faculty of the National Technological University are revised, and the structure of the Programme is described. On the basis
of the thesis works, the initial trends are discussed. Finally, the institutional results of the Programme are described.
Authors:S. Landsberger, A. Plionis, S. Biegalski, K. Foltz-Biegalski, E. Schneider, D. O’Kelly, J. Braisted, S. O’Kelly, and L. Welch
Over the last three years we have developed a very robust nuclear and radiochemistry program at The University of Texas at
Austin. The cornerstone of support was the DOE Radiochemistry Educational Award Program (REAP) that was awarded from 2002–2005.
A second award for the period of 2005–2008 was just received. This award has enabled us to support many educational activities
from vanguard classroom instruction, to laboratory enhancements, to research activities at the graduate and undergraduate
levels. Both traditional radiochemistry and advanced topics in nuclear instrumentation have been supported. Various DOE university
programs, national lab funding and IAEA fellowship grants, have allowed the Nuclear and Radiation Engineering Program at the
University of Texas to be at the forefront of nuclear and radiochemistry educational and research activities and help secure
the next generation of needed expertise.
A national plan, designed to establish and support training and development of human resources for strengthening science and technology activities in Brazil was initiated almost three decades ago. This plan, named PNPG, can be viewed today as a successful program in terms of the quality of its general output. During this period research activity has been institutionalized and a few thousand active groups in several universities and research centers have been consolidated. Numerous technological advances in many areas have been achieved and continue throughout the country. A most impressive result of this effort was the acceleration and improvement of a more productive and internationally competitive agriculture, metallurgical engineering including metal-mechanic industry and paper-cellulose complex exploitation. These results also stimulated better performance of related areas such as agribusiness. The existence of an effective system based on a group of multi-funding agencies was an essential additional factor.
Authors:Renato X. Coutinho, Eliziane S. Dávila, Wendel M. dos Santos, João B. T. Rocha, Diogo O. G. Souza, Vanderlei Folmer, and Robson L. Puntel
-Lima et al. ( 2008 ) government investments were critical to the development of scientific research in Brazil.
Currently, scientific research in the country is intrinsically linked to post-graduateprograms strictu sensu located in universities. As
Authors:Ana Cardoso, Paulo Guimarães, and Klaus Zimmermann
This paper analyzes the early research performance of PhD graduates in labor economics, addressing the following questions:
Are there major productivity differences between graduates from American and European institutions? If so, how relevant is
the quality of the training received (i.e. ranking of institution and supervisor) and the research environment in the subsequent
job placement institution? The population under study consists of labor economics PhD graduates who received their degree
in the years 2000–2005 in Europe or the USA. Research productivity is evaluated alternatively as the number of publications
or the quality-adjusted number of publications of an individual. When restricting the analysis to the number of publications,
results suggest a higher productivity by graduates from European universities than from USA universities, but this difference
vanishes when accounting for the quality of the publication. The results also indicate that graduates placed at American institutions,
in particular top ones, are likely to publish more quality-adjusted articles than their European counterparts. This may be
because, when hired, they already have several good acceptances or because of more focused research efforts and clearer career
Half a century of focused nuclear education in Brazil has resulted in the expansion of applications of nuclear technique in
many fields, such as power generation nuclear power plants, environmental monitoring, medical diagnostics and treatments,
food irradiation, new materials development using irradiation, archaeological dating, hydrological studies, and so on. Nuclear
research is blooming and evolving in Brazil. In the last three years, two master’s degrees and one doctorate have been approved
by the Ministry of Education. The scientific capacity building has been enlarging and improving the reservoir of qualified
personnel who Brazil expects to operate the current infrastructure and other facilities to be settled in the near future.
Only graduate programs allocated by CAPES (Ministry of Education) and CNPq (Ministry of Science & Technology) in the Nuclear
Engineering Area (Engenharia II) are considered in this paper. In Brazil, there are also Physics and hybrid graduate programs
in what DSc degrees are pursued using nuclear and nuclear-related techniques; CAPES and CNPq do not allocate them in the nuclear
engineering area, following their own criteria, since those programs have their own peers, budget and evaluation area.
Authors:S. Whitney, E. Alvarez, D. Haas, K. Jackman, S. Wilson, and S. Biegalski
Graduate students in the Mechanical Engineering department at the University of Texas at Austin have designed and modeled
a fast neutron prompt-gamma activation analysis facility as part of a new course introduced in the graduate program titled
“The Design of Nuclear Systems.” The students were responsible for creating a design concept as well as implementing and modeling
the concept to ensure its safety and functionality. The purpose of the class was to give graduate students the independence
to create a project of their own vision, but to do so in a collaborative and formal manner as will be necessary in their future
work. The fast neutron PGAA facility was successfully designed and computational models have been analyzed to display benefits
of the fast neutron facility compared to the thermal neutron PGAA facility that also exists at The University of Texas at
this, it is obvious to relate the increase in the supply of graduateprograms with positive increases in demand. The second part of this article looks deeper into the supply/demand structure for Masters Programs in the Spanish public university system
Authors:Teodóra Tomcsányi, Roger Csáky-Pallavicini, Gábor Ittzés, Gábor Semsey, and Péter Török
In contemporary societies, health is widely recognised as the most valuable personal asset. It has undergone significant reconceptualisation in recent decades, of which the
Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion
(1986) is a major document, advocating empowerment and community mental health thinking. Such concepts have fallen on fertile ground in East Central Europe, where a veritable community mental
health promotion movement has sprung up, soon developing institutional means of disseminating the novel views. A discussion of the East Central European scene is introduced by an overview of the emergence and key elements of community
mental health thinking and of the possible levels of corresponding intervention. An examination is offered of the deforming effects of dictatorship on community mental health, using the related notions of salutogenesis and Sense of Coherence to deepen the analysis. An exemplary graduate program was developed and established in Hungary even before the
stated its directive on training. It is designed not so much to convey specialised knowledge as to impart a set of skills and competencies through which helping professionals are better equipped to practice their primary vocation and promote the mental health of the wider community. The program's goals, contents, structure and specific features are described in detail, emphasising knowledge of self and society, multidisciplinarity, a holistic approach and society building.