Authors:Judit Várkonyi, Miklós Molnár, Margit Kovács, and Zoltán Prohászka
A 62-year-old male who had Gaucher’s and Parkinson’s disease coexistently, developed iron accumulation in the bone marrow interstitially and in the Gaucher cells themselves. As it is shown here, this kind of iron overload was not associated with any of the HFE gene mutations in this single case. Further studies are required to focus on the pathomechanism of local iron overload in the Gaucher cells themselves and the Gaucher disease separately and in combination with Parkinson’s disease. Recommendations on iron chelating therapy and copper supplementation will be also considered.
The present paper deals with the accumulation of public debt based on different kinds of nonlinear models. The same problem is analysed here in three different models. In the first model difference between growth rate and interest rate depends lineary on the debt/GDP ratio and the budget deficit. In the second model version this connection was non-linear, so two kinds of economic policy could be applied. In the third version the growth rate as well as the interest rate are in close connection with the debt/GDP ratio, in this case a stable equilibrium or a saddle path could be shown up.
Looking back to the global financial crisis of 2008–2009, Hungary was among the first countries to be forced to make use of financial assistance from the EU and the IMF. The government, the MNB (the central bank of Hungary) as well as the domestic and foreign analysts cited the high public debt and the volume of unsecured foreign-currency loans as the main reasons for the crises. Though these were real weaknesses, this diagnosis was false as much as the following treatment. First and foremost, it was the inadequate level of foreign exchange reserves that made Hungary to request outside financial assistance.
The excessive fiscal tightening urged by the MNB only led to deepening of the crises. In general, the macropolicy – both fiscal and monetary policy – before, during and after the crises turned out to be painfully pro-cyclical. Due to the lack of sufficient reserves, the MNB became virtually powerless to intervene and could only watch from the side-lines as events unfolded. The orthodox mind-set after replenishing the forex reserves prevented it from implementing a broad scale of unconventional measures to ease the crises. The fiscal authority lost its capacity long before to reduce the severity of the crises. Thus, the excessive and incorrect structure of fiscal correction coupled with an unjustified orthodox monetary policy, the contraction of the Hungarian economy went much beyond the inevitable amount.
Authors:István Wittmann, László Wagner, Lajos Markó, Mónika Tamaskó, Boglárka Laczy, Márton Mohás, Judit Cseh, and Béla Melegh
Moczulski, D. K., Grzeszczak, W., Gawlik, B.
Role of hemochromatosis C282Y and H63D mutations in HFE gene in development of type 2 diabetes and diabetic nephropathy. Diabetes Care, 2001,
Authors:M. Takiue, H. Fujii, T. Natake, and Y. Matsui
The most probable value theory has been applied to analytical radioassay for mixture samples of six pure-beta emitters by using a liquid scintillation spectrometer. Activities of each nuclide in the mixture sample can be determined by solving normal equations which are derived from twelve observation equations, the number of which is twice that of nuclides to be radioassayed. Requirement for the technique is to construct quenching correction curves of the respective nuclides. This technique has been tested to3H–63Ni–14C–45Ca–36Cl–32P mixture samples, and found to be very useful with the aid of computerized data processing.
of rare earths after their application into organic matrix are given in Table 2 . From Table 2 it follows that pigment containing Er has the highest value a* (red hue) and the lowest value of hue angle from all prepared pigments ( H° = 63