mystical initiation reported around the world. This shamanic dismemberment phenomenon also has precedents in Hindu and Buddhist traditions, emphasizing the hidden spiritual messages in the Khajuraho sculptures.
The temple sculptures and structures
NICHOLAS, Ralph 1982: The Bengali Calendar and the Hindu Religious Year in Bengal. In The Study of Bengal: New Contributions to the Humanities and Social Sciences, ed. Peter BERTOCCI, pp. 17-29. East Lansing, Michigan: Michigan State University
Authors:Ingrid-Mihaela Dragotă, Victor Dragotă, Andreea Curmei-Semenescu, and Daniel Traian Pele
In the recent years, an increasing number of papers deepened cross-disciplinary studies, examining how different cultural values influence financial variables. The main objective of our paper is to test if the dominant world religions (Buddhist, Christian, Hindu, Islamic, and Judaic), and, moreover, some Christian denominations (Catholicism, Protestantism and Eastern Orthodox Christianity) are related to some patterns in capital structure. Our paper considers distinctly the category of countries in which Agnostics, Atheists and non-religious people are predominant.
The results are promising. Companies located in the states with predominance of Islamic religion have a lower leverage, while the ones from predominantly Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Hindu and Judaic countries, as well as those in mainly Agnostic, Atheist and non-religious ones, are indebted more than those from mainly Protestant countries. The debt maturity seems to be correlated to the dominant religions or denominations, with companies in the predominantly Eastern Orthodox, Buddhist and Agnostic, Atheist and non-religious countries relying more on short term debt, and those in the majority Catholic, Judaic and Hindu countries on long term debt.
Az írás összefoglalja a „világ legnagyobb választásának” eseményeit, és elemzi a két nagy párt küzdelmét a politikai hatalomért. A Kongresszus és a Bháratíja Dzsanatá Párt (BJP) választási kiáltványát elemezve rámutat a pártok közötti alapvető különbségekre. A Kongresszus a szekuláris és demokratikus Indiáért szállt síkra, míg a BJP programja sommásan elvetette India egész politikai rendszerét, ami a függetlenség elnyerése óta működött, mégpedig úgy, hogy számos történelmi tényt eltorzított. Maga a kampány is beszédes folyamat volt, és felfedte, hogy a hatalmas „szervezeti család” miképpen működött szilárd, fegyelmezett és jól képzett kampánygépezetként a BJP mögött, és hogy a Kongresszus nélkülözött egy hasonló hátteret. Végül a tanulmány rámutat arra, hogy India paradigmaváltás elé néz a politika, a gazdaság és az ideológia terén, mivel a már látható hindu állam kiépítését a BJP be fogja fejezni, hiszen azt hangsúlyozza, hogy az indiaiak többségének az akaratát kell érvényesíteni, a többség pedig hindu. A paradigmaváltást alátámasztja azoknak a nemzedékeknek az eltűnése, amelyek még őriztek emlékeket a függetlenségi mozgalom idejéből, az új generációk pedig már más követelésekkel és világszemlélettel lépnek fel.
: Hindu Omens , Safdarjang Enclave, New Delhi.
CROOKE, William 1968: Popular Religion and Folklore of Northern India , II Edition, Manoharalal, New Delhi.
DUBOIS, J. A. 1936: Hindu Manners, Customs and
The primary intent of this paper is to statistically test whether Buddhist countries tend to contribute to global warming mitigation in comparison with other religious groups of countries. A sample of 160 countries were classified into seven groups coded as ‘Buddhist’, ‘Hindu’, ‘Muslim’, ‘Catholic’, ‘Protestant’, ‘Christian mixed’ and ‘None of the above’. This study modelled the religious heritage of a nation into the IPAT equation (Environmental Impact = Population × Affluence × Technology), religion being as a cultural proxy of the technology factor. ‘Buddhist’ countries were found likely to emit lower CO2 compared with ‘Protestant’ and ‘Christian mixed’ countries, although likely to emit higher CO2 compared than ‘Hindu’, ‘Muslim’ and ‘Catholic’ countries, all other factors being held equal. The relatively low group effect of ‘Buddhist’ countries on CO2 emissions can be interpreted to support the argument that teaching Buddhist economics and ecology could be a useful ingredient to curb ever-increasing global CO2 emissions. Thus, further study is warranted as to how teachings from Buddhism can translate into lower CO2 emissions.
Authors:J. Kumari, S. Kumar, N. Singh, S.S. Vaish, S. Das, A. Gupta, and J.C. Rana
One thousand four hundred and eighty three spring wheat germplasm (Triticum aestivum L.) lines comprising Indian as well as exotic lines were screened for resistance to spot blotch disease during winter 2014-15 at hot spot locations i.e., Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi and Uttar Banga Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Cooch Behar. Severity of the disease at different stages beginning from tillering to dough stage was recorded. Location Severity Index (LSI) of Varanasi was higher than Cooch Behar. Twenty eight accessions were resistant or highly resistant at both locations. These 28 accessions were validated during the winter season (2015–2016). These germplasm were also evaluated at four environments for agronomic traits. Out of 28 accessions, seven (IC564121, IC529684, IC443669, IC443652, IC529962, IC548325 and EC178071-331) were highly resistant across the locations and over the years of study. These accessions comprised one exotic and six indigenous accessions belonging to Uttarakhand and Haryana. Two lines (IC529962 and IC443652) had higher yield than the best check at all the locations. These lines showing highly resistant reaction alongwith wider adaptability can be expedited for direct cultivation or for the development of high yielding and disease resistant cultivars. These lines can also be used for identification of novel resistance gene using allele mining tools and their deployment for the development of spot blotch resistant cultivars.
The correlations between seismic activities and tidal periodicities are investigated at three seismic zones: Vrancea (Romania), Bucaramanga (Colombia) and Hindu Kush (Afganistan). The epicenter of earthquake nests distribution is characterized by intermediate-depth. In this paper, we study the influences of the principal lunar and solar semidiurnal tidal components M2 and S2 on seismic activities. The tidal phase is determined by HiCum stacking method according to the earthquake occurrence time and location. The stacking function could be shifted in time and space domain which provides the possibility to evaluate the seismic activities and tidal periodicities at both. The tidal phase distribution was tested by two independent methods Schuster and Permutation. The null hypothesis between seismic activities and selected tidal periodicities is rejected when the statistical
-values obtained by the two tests reach less than 5% level. As a result of the shift stacking function in time axis, a systematic temporal pattern related to the decrease of the
-values seems to be preceding occurrence of the larger earthquakes. A “tidal tomography” map is obtained when stacking function is shifted in 3D geometry following the epicenters distribution.