Authors:A. Duran, L. Perez-Maqueda, J. Poyato, and J. Perez-Rodriguez
Roman ancient mortars have been widely studied, in connection with both diagnosis and application required for restoring.
Thermoanalytical experiments performed on mortars from Pompeii and Herculaneum provided a very good understanding of the technology
employed. The mortars from Pompeii were obtained by the proper mixing of lime and marble grains while mortars of Herculaneum
by lime and silicates compounds. The position of the endothermic peak of calcite decomposition showed important variations
in the different samples studied, which was assigned to the different crystallinity and particle sizes. Experiments under
CO2 flow confirmed the presence of magnesium calcium carbonates.
Authors:A. Duran, M. Robador, M. Jimenez de Haro, and Veronica Ramirez-Valle
Mortars taken from the walls of three historical buildings in Seville: Pond of Patio de las Doncellas in Real Alcazar of Seville,
the Monastery of Santa Maria de las Cuevas and the Church of El Salvador were investigated.
The techniques employed were thermogravimetry (TG), differential thermal analysis (DTA), XRD, FTIR, SEM with EDAX, Bernard
calcimeter, granulometry, mercury intrusion porosimetry and mechanical strength tests.
The majority of the studied mortars consist of calcite and silica. Gypsum was detected in samples of four mortars from the
Santa Maria de las Cuevas Monastery and two from the El Salvador Church, whose samples were taken from the upper layers of
the walls, but gypsum was not detected in the internal mortars layers. Only in two of the samples of the Monastery, the presence
of cellulosic material as an organic additive was detected.
All the studied mortars could be regarded hydraulic, so much by results from ratios between mass loss due to CO2 and H2O, hydraulic module and assays of compressive strength. The values obtained by these three techniques are related, providing
good agreements between them.
These results give useful information that aids in understanding the technology of historic mortars, and how to plan the restoration
of these wall paintings.
Authors:Andreas Iordanidis, Javier Garcia-Guinea, Aggeliki Strati, Amalia Gkimourtzina, and Androniki Papoulidou
The chemical, mineralogical and structural characterisation of historicmortars can shed light to the provenance of raw materials and the technological practice, but can also help in the restoration and
Authors:Mohammed S. A. Khedr, Mona F. Ali, Abdullah M. A. Kamel, and Manal A. A. El-Ghanam
Microscopy of historicmortars - a review , Cement and Concrete Research , Vol. 36 , No. 8 , 2006 , pp. 1416 – 1424 .
Brief history of terrazzo, The National Terrazzo and Mosaic Association , 2014 , http
Authors:Denis A. Brosnan, John P. Sanders, and Stephanie A. Hart
relics can be viewed in the microstructure of historicmortars, inferring causes originating in poor grinding of early natural cements and in hand mixing of mortars [ 2 ]. The sand (S) from coastal areas was contaminated with iron pyrite (Py). The pore (P
Authors:J. A. Stratis, M. Lalia-Kantouri, El. Charalambous, A. Charalambous, and N. Kantiranis
Moropoulou , A , Bakolas , A , Bisbikou , K . Characterization of ancient, byzantine and later historicmortars by thermal and X-ray diffraction techniques . Thermochim Acta 1995 269 /270 779 – 795 10