In 1809, E. T. A. Hoffmann declared that the symphony, in the hands of Haydn and Mozart, had become the “opera of instruments.” This view of symphony, which was echoed by other writers of the period, reflected how composers engaged with instruments through orchestration. This essay explores the use of instrumental sonority in the slow movements of Haydn’s later symphonies, in particular looking at the ways in which Haydn’s approach to the orchestra helped cultivate the notion that symphonies unfolded as dramas. This conception of the orchestra and of orchestration informed the language of musical criticism of the early nineteenth century: Hoffmann’s discussions of musical works frequently take the form of operatic plot summaries, in which individual instruments act as characters. The persistence of operatic metaphors suggests that, instead of thinking of this period as the “rise of instrumental music,” it is more accurate to understand it as the rise of the orchestra.
E.T.A. Hoffmann, Franz Liszt and George Sand share the same vision of art and in particular of music. Is this similarity fortuitous? Up to which extent did Liszt and Sand know Hoffmann and could discuss on his work? Anyhow after meeting Liszt, Sand gets a deeper knowledge of Hoffmann, and develops her theories about art: to that point, meeting the Hungarian musician was probably critical.
Historic Monuments launched its scientific publication series entitled Magyarország Műemlékei [Monuments of Hungary] in 1905, edited by Gyula Forster. Edith Hoffmann published her article on the Brussels tapestry in the Museum of Applied Arts in volume 4, in 1915. In 1918 she also sought out Gyula Foster with another notable work of hers that would have been the Hungarian counterpart of the series Verzeichnis der illuminierten Handschriften in Österreich. The documents and correspondence on the latter are published here. The planned publication was not realized but it was the preliminary to her volume presenting the illumined manuscripts in the National Széchényi Library (Hoffmann Edith: A Nemzeti Múzeum Széchényi Könyvtárának illuminált kéziratai. Budapest 1928).
Molnár-Láng, M., Szakács, É., Kruppa, K., Cseh, A., Molnár, I., Farkas, A., Dulai, S., Darkó, É., Hoffmann, B. (2011): Production and characterization of wheat-barley introgression lines. In: Veisz, O. (ed.), Climate Change: Challenges and Opportunities
-STEPHENS: Latin Word Order (n. 12) 542-544. 18 DEVINE-STEPHENS: Latin Word Order (n. 12) 544-546. 19 For abbreviations, see n. 13 above. 20 DEVINE-STEPHENS: Latin Word Order (n. 12) 542-544. 21 HOFFMANN, R.: Funktionsverbgefüge im Lateinischen. In BAMMESBERGER, A