The essay surveys Hungarian higher educational reform in a historical perspective Higher education is a special branch of public administration, where investment to human capital is of corollary importance even if the educational, research and fiscal autonomy of the given institutions is fully respected. The author investigates the legal aspects of how government oversight and supervision (as envisaged in the communist model) has been dismantled over the past 25 years in Hungary. There is no doubt: with the development of institutional autonomy, state subsidies decline and higher educational institutions need to make an increasing effort to simultaneously maintain financial stability, meet market demands and reverse the current trend of deterioration regarding the quality of education. It is for this reason that the negotiations between higher educational institutions and the state must remain within the legal frameworks so that government supervision will not transform into total neglection.
There is a considerable discrepancy between official rhetoric and reality in the Hungarian higher education system. Based on a series of personal interviews conducted with the actors of Hungarian higher education, this article offers an analysis of the positions and strategies of the key players. Using the Matrix of Alliances and Conflicts: Tactics, Objectives and Recommendations (MACTOR) method, the actors of the higher education system are analysed in terms of direct and indirect reciprocal influences, and their positions with regard to a generic set of possible objectives. It is argued that there is an urgent need for concentrating resources and for re-defining the higher education strategy based on the long-term demands of a globalising world.
Authors:Zsolt Tibor Kosztyán, Vivien Valéria Csányi, and András Telcs
High Schools in the HungarianHigherEducationSystem) . Földrajzi Közlemények , 141 ( 4 ): 370 – 385 . Kosztyán , Zs. T. − Orbán-Mihálykó , É. − Mihálykó , Cs. − Csányi , V. V. − Telcs , A. ( 2020 ): Analyzing and Clustering Student
the Stipendium Hungaricum Scholarship program The SH program has three important missions: 1) to support Hungary’ foreign policies, 2) to internationalize HungarianHigherEducationsystem, and 3) to stimulate economic development through investment in