Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 1,170 items for :

  • "Hydration" x
  • Refine by Access: All Content x
Clear All

Introduction The hydration of the cement minerals C 3 S (3CaO·SiO 2 ), C 2 S (2CaO·SiO 2 ), C 3 A (3CaO·Al 2 O 3 ) and C 4 AF (4CaO·Al 2 O 3 ·Fe 2 O 3 ) is an exothermal chemical process. At early ages, the generated heat can

Restricted access
Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Jiří Kučerík, Petra Bursáková, Alena Průšová, Lucie Grebíková, and Gabriele Ellen Schaumann

) are fulvic acids (FA) and humic acids (HA); FA are fractions of NOM soluble at all pH values, while HA are soluble only in alkaline solutions [ 2 ]. Hydration is the crucial factor playing role in biological function of molecules in both living

Restricted access

]. Calorimetric studies of Portland cement [ 1 , 2 ] and calcium aluminate cement [ 3 , 4 ] pastes show that the FCC catalyst remarkably influences the hydration of various cements. It has been found that, in the compositions with Portland cement, the FCC

Restricted access

assessment of mineralogical composition and texture of modified clinkers [ 1 , 4 ]. Data on combined effect of different type of compounds or regarding the influence of foreign ions on the cement hydration and hardening processes are less numerous [ 4 – 8

Restricted access

, the cement has no longer enough water to hydrate and the final properties of the mortar are altered [ 3 ]. Thus, cellulose ethers are additives commonly used in mortars as water retention agents, as thickeners and film formers [ 4 ] to prevent water

Restricted access

of the main phases of normal Portland cement clinker, plays an important role in the early stage of hydration process, and it is believed to be the responsible species for the setting and hardening behaviours of cement. The ionic substitution of this

Restricted access

England in years 1973–1974) CACs are applied to structural concrete much less often than Portland cements [ 1 – 3 ]. The deterioration of strength is related with a process of conversion of aluminate hydrates. In case of CACs the nature of hydration

Open access

temperatures [ 4 ]. Preparation of such quality product based on aluminate cement requires extensive studies. It is difficult to predict the hydration process of new cement-based materials, because not only the influence of addition on hydration of this cement

Restricted access

of PC with CAC has been found to result in a great decrease of compressive strength especially at later age [ 2 , 6 , 7 ], which becomes a barrier for the application of PC/CAC mixtures. It may result from the film-like hydration products that

Restricted access

Abstract  

In this work, the hydration rate and products of blended zeolite cements were studied for periods up to 360 days. Thermoanalytical methods (TG/DTG and DTA) were applied in order to evaluate the hydration rate of blended cements, while. X-ray diffraction and FTIR spectroscopy were used in order to identify the hydrated products. As it is concluded the incorporation of zeolite in cement contributes to the consumption of Ca(OH)2 formed during the cement hydration and the formation of cement-like hydrated products. The pozzolanic reaction of the zeolite is rather slow during the first days of hydration but it is accelerated after the 28 days.

Restricted access