Authors:Sara J. Palmer, Laure M. Grand, and Ray L. Frost
Hydrotalcites consist of stacked layers of metal cations (M 2+ and M 3+ ) similar to brucite-like structures. Substitution of divalent cations for trivalent ones, of similar radii, gives rise to positively charged
Authors:Laure-Marie Grand, Sara Palmer, and Ray Frost
Hydrotalcites based upon gallium as a replacement for aluminium in hydrotalcite over a Mg/Al ratio of 2:1 to 4:1 were synthesised.
The d(003) spacing varied from 7.83 Å for the 2:1 hydrotalcite to 8.15 Å for the 3:1 gallium containing hydrotalcite. A comparison
is made with the Mg/Al hydrotalcite in which the d(003) spacing for the Mg/Al hydrotalcite varied from 7.62 Å for the 2:1 Mg hydrotalcite to 7.98 Å for the 4:1 hydrotalcite.
The thermal stability of the gallium containing hydrotalcite was determined using thermogravimetric analysis. Four mass loss
steps at 77, 263–280, 485 and 828 °C with mass losses of 10.23, 21.55, 5.20 and 7.58% are attributed to dehydration, dehydroxylation
and decarbonation. The thermal stability of the gallium containing hydrotalcite is slightly less than the aluminium hydrotalcite.
Authors:R. Queiroz, Luiza Pires, Ruth de Souza, J. Zamian, A. de Souza, G. da Rocha Filho, and C. da Costa
Hydrotalcite was synthesised by co-precipitation method, calcined and characterized by XRD, BET, IR and TG/DTA/DTG analyses
and tested as solid base catalyst in the transesterification of soybean oil with methanol, achieving a methyl ester content
of 99.5%. The thermal decomposition of hydrotalcite calcined occurred in four mass loss steps at 28, 105, 203 and 400 °C.
The hydrotalcite was recovered and through a simple evaluation by TG/DTA/DTG techniques it was found that at 500 °C is the
temperature, where the organic matter should be eliminated from the catalyst. This study shows the importance of thermal analysis
in the evaluation of the recovery temperature of hydrotalcite.
Authors:Laure-Marie Grand, Sara Palmer, and Ray Frost
The hydrotalcite based upon manganese known as charmarite Mn4Al2(OH)12CO3·3H2O has been synthesised with different Mn/Al ratios from 4:1 to 2:1. Impurities of manganese oxide, rhodochrosite and bayerite
at low concentrations were also produced during the synthesis. The thermal stability of charmarite was investigated using
thermogravimetry. The manganese hydrotalcite decomposed in stages with mass loss steps at 211, 305 and 793 °C. The product
of the thermal decomposition was amorphous material mixed with manganese oxide. A comparison is made with the thermal decomposition
of the Mg/Al hydrotalcite. It is concluded that the synthetic charmarite is slightly less stable than hydrotalcite.
Authors:N. Das, J. Konar, M. Mohanta, and A. Upadhaya
The synthesis of hydrotalcite-like compounds (HTlcs) containing Mg, Al and Ti using titanium-rich bauxite as one of the starting
materials was described. The HT precursors and their calcined products were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, TG-TDA,
FT-IR and surface area measurements. Although the above characterization indicated the formation of hydrotalcite-like structure
with good crystallinity, the presence of Ti4+ in the brucite layer was not confirmed. Calcination at 450 °C gave rise mainly to poorly crystalline MgO and amorphous mixed
oxides, which can be reconstructed to their original structure by exposure to an aqueous solution. The calcined sample containing
titanium showed relatively high adsorption capacity for fluoride and
The effect of Cu/Al molar ratio on the high-temperature adsorption characteristics of CO2 on the mixed oxides of Cu–Al hydrotalcite skeletal structure has been studied by thermogravimetry. The Cu/Al molar ratio
of the hydrotalcites synthesized was varied between 1.0 and 3.0, and the adsorption temperature ranged from ambient to 600 °C.
The hydrotalcite with Cu/Al molar ratio of 2.0 was found to be the most suitable adsorbent for high-temperature CO2 adsorption, in both the capacity and the rate of adsorption. The activation energy values suggested that the physical adsorption
dominates at low temperatures (<400 °C) and the chemisorption dominates at high temperatures (>400 °C).
Authors:Frederick L. Theiss, Sara J. Palmer, Godwin A. Ayoko, and Ray L. Frost
Layered double hydroxides (LHDs) are also known as hydrotalcite like materials or anionic clays. Many LDHs such as hydrotalcite, takovite, carrboydite, reevesite, honessite, pyroaurite, and iowaite occur in nature
Authors:Agnieszka W&grzyn, Alicja Rafalska-&asocha, Dorota Majda, Roman Dziembaj, and Helmut Papp
Hydrotalcites, or layered double hydroxides, which general formula may be represented as follows: [M 1− x II M x III (OH) 2 ] A x / n n − · n H 2 O, (M II , M III —metal cations, A n − —interlayer anion), are
Authors:R. L. Frost, W. N. Martens, and Kristy L. Erickson
A combination of thermogravimetry and hot stage Raman spectroscopy has been used to study the thermal decomposition of the
synthesised zinc substituted takovite Zn6Al2CO3(OH)164H2O. Thermogravimetry reveals seven mass loss steps at 52, 135, 174, 237, 265, 590 and ~780C. MS shows that the first two mass
loss steps are due to dehydration, the next two to dehydroxylation and the mass loss step at 265C to combined dehydroxylation
and decarbonation. The two higher mass loss steps are attributed to decarbonation. Raman spectra of the hydroxyl stretching
region over the 25 to 200C temperature range, enable identification of bands attributed to water stretching vibrations, MOH
stretching modes and strongly hydrogen bonded CO32--water bands. CO32- symmetric stretching modes are observed at 1077 and 1060 cm-1. One possible model is that the band at 1077 cm-1is ascribed to the CO32- units bonded to one OH unit and the band at 1092 cm-1is due to the CO32- units bonded to two OH units from the Zn-takovite surface. Thermogravimetric analysis when combined with hot stage Raman spectroscopy
forms a very powerful technique for the study of the thermal decomposition of minerals such as hydrotalcites.</o:p>
Authors:G. Fetter, E. Ramos, M. Olguin, P. Bosch, T. López, and S. Bulbulian
In this work, hydrotalcites were used to remove131I– from aqueous solutions. It was found that131I– sorption by hydrotalcites depends greatly on the thermal treatment of the solid and does not take place by ion exchange as I– is not capable of removing CO
or other ions in the hydrotalcite. The anions have to be removed from the solid in order to permit I– to be sorbed in the hydrotalcite. The radionuclide content was determined by -spectrometry and X-ray diffraction was used to identify the compounds and to estimate cell parameters.