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India. Since then, eleven more taxa, namely Cheilolejeunea vittata (Steph. ex G. Hoffm.) R. M. Schust. et Kachroo, Cololejeunea khawanglungensis Sushil K. Singh, C. manilalia Manju, Chandini et Rajesh and C. microscopica (Taylor) Schiffn. var

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two species from India. A detailed description of both species with photo plates, illustration and the distribution map of D. cobrensis are provided. DESCRIPTION OF SPECIES

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481 Brown, N., S. Bhagwat and S. Watkinson. 2006. Macrofungal diversity in fragmented and disturbed forests of the Western Ghats of India. J. Appl. Ecol. 43

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The name, Salacia reticulata Wight (Hippocrateaceae) had been applied to different elements by different authors in India. The occurrence of S. reticulata in India is shown to be doubtful.

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An illustrated account of Lejeunea exilis (Reinw. et al.) Grolle of Lejeuneaceae is reported for the first time from India.

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Govind Wild Life Sanctuary in the Western Himalayas with its diverse vegetation types provides excellent habitats and microclimates for a lush growth of bryophytes. During investigations on the bryophytes of this region Plagiothecium euryphyllum (Cardot et Thér.) Z. Iwats. and P. cavifolium (Brid.) Z. Iwats. have been identified for the first time from India. P. euryphyllum is characterised by bright green to yellowish green plants, irregularly branched, complanate. Central strand developed. Leaves erectopatent, imbricate, ovate oblong, margin entire, acute to acuminate at apex, costa two forked, decurrent with hyaline, rectangular cells. Seta reddish, capsule erect to inclined, while plants of P. cavifolium are yellowish green, glossy, prostrate, irregularly branched, branches julaceous. Leaves appressed to stem, closely imbricate, erectopatent, ovate lanceolate, symmetrical, margin minutely dentate at apex, cells at alar region rectangular costa two short. Seta reddish brown, capsule erect, pyriform. A morpho-taxonomic account of above two taxa is provided.

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In India recent evidences showed that phytoplasma associated with plants including crops, fruits, trees, ornamental, sugarcane, grasses and weeds increasing at alarming rate. Phytoplasma cause diseases in several plant species and resulted in serious threat as a source of alternative natural host for the spread of phytoplasma pathogen to other economically important plants and thereby chances of causing severe losses. In earlier days very few phytoplasma diseases were identified in India merely on the basis of bright-field, fluorescence, electron microscope observations, tetracycline treatment and to a lesser extent by serological assays. Among these, microscopic methods do not attain pathogen identification, and all of them are not always sufficiently sensitive to detect phytoplasma infections in low-titer hosts. Today detection of phytoplasma based on molecular genetic methods including PCR assays are efficiently carried out in India and on that basis several plant species are reported to have phytoplasma infections. So far more than 37 plant species have been reported to be associated with phytoplasma infections from all over India. The “Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris”, “Candidatus Phytoplasma aurantifolia”, “Candidatus Phytoplasma trifolii” and “Candidatus Phytoplasma cynodontis” belong to 16SrI, 16SrII, 16SrVI and 16SrXIV group of phytoplasmas are the major groups associated with different species reported to be infected with phytoplasma throughout India. In this paper, we have discussed overall progress on phytoplasma disease on plant species in India in terms of taxonomy, symptomatology, economic significance, transmission and characterization.

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nanotechnology, Forbes/Wolfe ( 2007 ) report of global ranking in nanotechnology; all these studies point to the emergence of China, its establishing itself among the big players in nanotechnology. These studies are also mentioning India as making significant

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A new lichenicolous fungus Buelliella indica colonising on the thallus of Graphis longiramea is described from the state of Nagaland, a part of the Indo-Burma biodiversity hotspot region in India. It is characterised by its brown epihymenium, much smaller ascospores with dimensions of 11.5–13.8 × 4.8–6 µm and the new host Graphis.

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Honey is produced by honey bees that collect nectar from various floral sources. India is one of the leading producers and exporters of honey in the world. Owing to their diverse botanical sources, Northern Indian states such as Himachal Pradesh

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