Authors:Morteza Mehrdad, Akbar Heydari, Mohammad Sarbolouki, and Shapour Etemad
The population of Iran has nearly doubled in less than 25 years, while the number of university students has increased more
than 10 times and 720 Ph. D. degrees have been awarded in basic science in the past 10 years. Despite the great difficulties
that the Iranian scientists have been facing for more than two decades (as a consequence of a social revolution, 8 years of
a destructive war imposed by Iraq, excessive brain drain, discriminatory practices by some international journals in publishing
the Iranian articles, and unfair sanctions imposed by the industrialized countries) Iran's science is still thriving and the
current number of yearly scientific publications exceeds 1500. When normalized with respect to the number of researchers and
the research budget, the Iranian scientists seem to outperform most of their counterparts in the advanced industrialized nations.
Main reason: total engagement in truncated research activities (basic or applied) leading solely to pure publications; lack
of infrastructure for developmental research activities leading to new technologies. The average impact factor of the papers
in various fields of basic science seems quite satisfactory considering the difficult conditions the Iranian scientists are
working under. Should the research budgets and conditions improve and the unfair sanctions currently imposed by the world
politics be eliminated, a far better contribution to the world science can be expected.
The article aims to assess the effectiveness of the non-proliferation regime established more than 40 years ago with the adoption of the Treaty on the Non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). Since that time the international community had achieved considerable success in the prevention of nuclear weapons’ proliferation. Nevertheless, while noting the results of the NPT and the verification system established under that instrument, one cannot remain silent about the shortcomings of the system and the non-compliance with some of its provisions. By its structure and provisions the NPT has divided States into two groups, distinguishing those possessing and those not possessing nuclear weapons. In effect, the rights and obligations of the Contracting Parties to the NPT are tailored to the group to which they belong, and the gravest violation of the NPT is that when States seek to change their status as defined in the NPT, notably by trying to munfacture or control of nuclear weapons. Under the NPT, research in, production and application of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes are inalienable rights, but their exercise should be in keeping with the basic obligation of nonnuclear-weapon States under the Treaty not to acquire in any form nuclear weapons and not to carry out unauthorized nuclear activities under the guise of their peaceful nuclear programs. While emphasizing the need to strengthen the non-proliferation regime, the article describes in nutshell the nuclear program of two States (the Islamic Republic of Iran and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea) which gave cause for serious international concern.
Authors:Elaheh Gholami-Parizad, Morovat Taherikalani, Noor-Amir Mozaffar-Sabet, Mahdi Asmar, Skandar Gholami-Parizad, Afra Khosravi, Mohammad Emaneini, and Parisa Asadollahi
Alizadeh, A. H., Ranjbar, M., Ansari, S., MirArab, A., Alavian, S. M., Mohammad, K. et al.: Seroprevalence of hepatitis B in Nahavand, IslamicRepublicofIran. East Mediterr. Health J. 12(5) , 528–537 (2006
): Study on gametophytic embryogenesis in barley (
L.) genotypes via androgenesis.
The Second National Biotechnology Congress IslamicRepublicofIran
. Oct. 9–11, 2001, Karaj, Iran.
Authors:Zainab Alimoradi, Chung-Ying Lin, Vida Imani, Mark D. Griffiths, and Amir H. Pakpour
StatCounter . ( 2018 ). Social media stats in IslamicRepublicofIran . Retrieved March 13, 2019, from http://gs.statcounter.com/social-media-stats/all/iran
Statista . ( 2018 ). Number of social network users worldwide
Authors:Gianfranco Tamburelli and Tetiana Olexandrivna Kovalenko
, India and the IslamicRepublicofIran. Agreements on the development of nuclear power production were signed with Belarus, Finland and Hungary. Cf. IAEA, Country Nuclear Power Profiles, Russian Federation , https