Authors:T. Martins, J. Matos, G. Vicentini, and P. Isolani
Rare earth picrate complexes
with L-leucine (Leu) were synthesized and
characterized. Elemental analysis (CHN), EDTA titrations and thermogravimetric
data suggest a general formula RE(pic)32Leu⋅5H2O
(RE=La–Lu, Y and pic=picrate).
IR spectra indicate the presence of water and suggest that L-leucine is coordinated
to the central ion through the nitrogen of the aminogroup. The absorption
spectrum of the solid Nd compound indicates that the metal-ligand bonds show
a weak covalent character. Emission spectra and biexponential behavior of
the luminescence decay of the Eu compound suggest the existence of polymeric
species. Thermal analysis results indicate that all the compounds present
a similar behavior, with five major thermal decomposition steps. The final
products are rare earth oxides. A slow heating rate is necessary to observe
all decomposition steps.
Authors:R. Tokay, B. Nordén, J. Liljenzin, and S. Andersson
14C labelled solid D- and L-leucine decomposes with significantly different rates by auto-radiolysis. The -decarboxylation ratio (103xCO2%)D/(103xCO2%)L was found to be (2.3±0.2)/(1.2±0.2)= 1.9±0.5 for samples kept in evacuated tubes at room temperature for 1 year /sp. activity: 0.9 MBq g–1; -dose: 224 Gy/. EPR indicates a 10% higher radical concentration in the stored solid D-leucine samples than in L-leucine. The relevance of these results to the question of origin of optical onehandedness in life, is discussed.
Authors:Valery Krasikov, Irina Malakhova, Evgeny Degterev, and Boris Tyaglov
Amino acids such as l
-valine, and l
-leucine are widely used in medical practice, as drugs for parenteral and per-os feeding, in cattle breeding, and in poultry raising. It is shown that planar chromatography can separate these essential amino acids from accompanying amino acids contained in the culture liquids used for their manufacture. A method is proposed for quantitative determination of the concentration of the compounds by densitometric analysis. The method can be effectively used to check the various stages of amino acid production.
The thermal decomposition using TG, DTG and DTA, of seven complexes of the types Bu2SnL(I) and Bu2SnL(II) (where H2L(I)=Schiff base derived from acetylacetone and glycine [H2L-1(I)] or L-leucine [H2L-4(I)] or methionine [H2L-5(I)] or phenylglycine [H2L-6(I)]; H2L(II)=Schiff base derived from o-hydroxynaphthaldehyde and β-alanine [H2L-2(II)] or DL-valine [H2L-3(II)] or L-leucine [H2L-4(II)] is shown to fall into one of two categories, viz, (1) Bu2SnL(I) complexes that decompose without melting to give SnO as the final tin containing product, (2) Bu2SnL(II) complexes that melt and then decompose to give SnO. Mathematical analysis of TG data using Coats-Redfern equation,
Horowitz-Metzger equation, and Fuoss method shows that the first order kinetics is applicable in all the complexes except
Bu2SnL-2(II). Kinetic parameters such as the energy and entropy of activation and pre-exponential factor are reported.
Authors:N. Buzás, L. Nagy, H. Jankovics, R. Krämer, E. Kuzmann, A. Vértes, and K. Burger
Triphenyltin(IV) complexes ofN-acetylglycine,N-acetyl-L-leucine,N-acetyl-L-asparagine andN-acetyl-L-tyrosine were prepared by two methods and characterized by means of different spectroscopic methods (FTIR, multinuclear,1H,13C and119Sn NMR and119Sn Mössbauer). The spectroscopic data indicated that theN-acetylglycine complex adopts a trigonal-bipyramidal structure in which the monodentate carboxylate and the amide-C=O group
are bound to the same organotin(IV) moiety. The other three complexes are linear oligomers in which the planar Ph3Sn(IV) is coordinated axially by a monodentate carboxylate and an amide-C=O from two different ligands. At theC-terminal end of the oligomer chain there is a tetracoordinated tin(IV) with a monodentate carboxylate as donor group.
In this paper a review of recent results concerning thermodynamic properties of solid uncharged derivatives of some amino acids and small peptides is reported. The experimental data obtained by different calorimetric methods are: sublimation enthalpies, heat capacities, enthalpies and temperatures of fusion and, in few cases, enthalpies and temperatures of solid-to-solid transitions. The standard molar and specific enthalpies and entropies of sublimation at 298.15 K have been calculated integrating the heat capacities of solids and vapours as function of temperature or directly measuring by calorimetry the heating enthalpies. The first ones have been obtained by interpolation of the values calculated according to the group additivity method of Benson. The sublimation thermodynamic properties have regarded N-acetylamides of glycine (NAGA), L-alanine (L-NAAA), L-valine (L-NAVA), D- and L-leucine (D-NALA and L-NALA, respectively) and L-isoleucine (L-NAIA) as well as the cyclic dipeptides glycyl-glycine (c-Gly-Gly), glycyl-L-alanine (c-Gly-L-Ala), L-alanyl-L-alanine (c-L-Ala-L-Ala) and sarcosyl-sarcosine (c-Sar-Sar). Heat capacities of the solid phases have been included also for N-acetylamide of L-proline (L-NAPA), N-methyl derivatives of the N-acetylamides previously cited and other amino acids, such as phenylalanine (F), isobutyric acid (isoBu), norvaline (norV) and norleucine (norL). In the text these substances are indicated as NAFAMe, etc. The heat capacities of their racemes are also reported. The fusion properties have concerned only two raceme mixtures (D,L-NAAA and D,L-NALA) and N-acetylamides of the cited amino acids, sarcosine (NASarA) and the following di-or tripeptides: glycyl-L-alanine (NAGAA), L-alanyl-L-alanine (NAA2A), glycyl-L-proline (NAGPA), L-prolyl-glycine (NAPGA), L-leucyl-L-proline (NALPA) and L-prolyl-L-leucyl-glycine (NAPLGA). Finally, solid-to-solid transitions have been found and characterized for L-NALA and NAGPA. All thermodynamic properties are discussed in the light of the crystal packing parameters determined during parallel crystallographic studies. It allows a comprehensive rationale of the behaviour of the solid state and its transitions for this interesting family of substances.
Authors:Liyi Li, Liming Hu, Bingbao Chen, Yanwen Dong, Zixia Lin, Zhiyi Wang, Congcong Wen, Xianqin Wang, and Shuanghu Wang
, retinoic acid, l -leucine, benzeneacetic acid, and alloxanoic acid decreased in activated carbon treatment group (30 min).
Summary of the changes in relative levels of metabolites in rat urine of