In this paper, in order to consider the problems of relative width on ℝd, we proposed definitions of relative average width which combine the ideas of the relative width and the average width. We
established the smallest number M which make the following equality
(·, L2(ℝd)) denote respectively the relative average width in the sense of Kolmogorov and the average width in the sense of Kolmogorov
in their given order. In 2001, Subbotin and Telyakovskii got similar results on the relative width of Kolmogorov type. We
also proved that
. This is surprising for two reasons. First, lifelong learning in developed economies is currently being given an unprecedented amount of consideration ( Billett, 2018 ); second, second-language (L2) autonomy research seems to have neglected its origins
The paper aims to investigate student translation processes from the second and third language (L2 and L3), with particular regard to self-revision. The authors report on a study conducted to test the following two hypotheses: a) The distribution of student self-revisions, i.e. in which phase of the process they occur, is primarily related to individual working habits and not to language pair; b) The type and quantity of self-revisions primarily depend on whether the student is working from his/her L2 or L3. The study is designed as a series of experiments involving students translating comparable texts (two sections of the same text produced by an EU institution of which multiple language versions exist) from their L2 (English) and L3 (Swedish) into their first language (Croatian). The processes are recorded with the help of a keystroke logging program (Translog). The type, number and distribution of self-revisions are analyzed. The findings suggest that the distribution of revisions over the phases may indeed be related to individual subjects’ habitual behavior. With regard to the expectation that the type and quantity of self-revisions primarily depend on SL competence, the findings do not provide a consistent picture.
The intermediates formed from Mo(NO)2Cl2L2 and Mo(NO)Cl3L2 by splitting-off of weakly-coordinated ligandsL (alcohols, glycols, nitriles) decompose in exothermic reactions: the decomposition products are N2, MoOCl4 and MoO3. If the ligandL is strongly coordinated and is reducing (DMFA, DMSO, Pph3, Asph3), the NO groups oxidize the ligandL by formation of N2 in an exothermic intramolecular redox process under 300‡. The central atom is oxidized by NO, and N2O is formed above 300‡ in the case of non-reducing ligandsL (OPph3, OAsph3). An endothermic redox reaction with chlorine formation is observed during decomposition of the trichloro complex. The solid residue is metallic molybdenum.
The complex formation of curium(III) with L2-aminobutyric acid was characterized by time-resolved laser-induced fluorescence
spectroscopy (TRLFS) at trace Cm(III) concentrations (3·10−7 M). The various curium(III) species, MpHqLr, identified are characterized by their individual luminescence spectra and luminescence lifetimes. The following formation
constants were determined log β101 = 5.17±0.07, log β102 = 9.00±0.07, and log β103 = 11.30±0.09 at ionic strength I = 0.5M. Possible structures of the curium aminobutyrate species will be discussed on the basis of the luminescence lifetime
measurements and the magnitude of the formation constants.
resulting from the parallel activation of two languages”. They classify translators as a subclass of bilinguals, arguing that the difference between second language (L2) communication and translation lies in the so-called descriptive and interpretive
Authors:M. Kabešová, I. Vargová, T. Šramko and J. Gažo
The influence of the position of the CH3 group in picoline and lutidine ligands on the degree of chemical change of the NCS groups in coordination compounds of the type Cu(NCS)2L2 (whereL=2-, 3- and 4-picoline, and 2,3-, 2,4-, 2,5-, 2,6-, 3,4- and 3,5-lutidine) is dealt with. The most marked effect of the CH3 group is found to be exerted in position 4. This effect of the methyl group on the degree of chemical change points to the mutual influence of the ligands in coordination compounds of Cu(II).
Authors:L. Nagy, J. Zsakó, Cs. Novák, Cs. Várhelyi, Gy. Vankó and G. Liptay
A number of 15 [Fe(Diox#x00B7;H)2L2] type chelates and [Fe(Diox)3(BOR)2] clathrochelates (Diox#x00B7;H2 — dimethylglyoxime, glyoxime, propoxime, nyoxime, furyl-dioxime; L-pyridine, alkyl-pyridine derivatives, diethyl-phenyl-phosphine, diethyl-p-tolyl-phosphine) were obtained and characterized by means of far and middle FTIR and Mössbauer spectroscopic methods. Some structural problems were discussed on the basis of the optical data.The DSC measurements show the higher thermal stability of the clathrochelates without O—HO intramolecular hydrogen bonds (with asymmetric octahedral structure), as compared to the [Fe(Diox#x00B7;H)2L2] trans, symmetric chelates containing O—HO bonds. The kinetic parameters of the thermal decomposition of the complexes have been derived using the nomogram method.