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Abstract  

The aim of this work was to study the effect of Lippia sidoides essential oil (LSEO) on stratum corneum lipids and the permeation of salicylic acid. DSC and FTIR spectroscopy were applied. LSEO 1% (v/v) significantly enhanced salicylic acid flux through snake skin. According to the DSC curves changes in the transition temperature of the lipids were observed indicating that LSEO can interact with stratum corneum. The IR spectrum of skin treated with LSEO showed a decrease in the peak intensity for CH2 stretchings (2920–2850 cm–1) however the peak positions did not alter suggesting the extraction of the lipids.

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Abstract  

Microencapsulation of Lippia sidoides essential oil was carried out by spray drying. Blends of maltodextrin and gum arabic were used as carrier. Spray dried microparticles were characterized using conventional (thermogravimetry, evolved gas analysis) and combined (thermogravimetry-mass spectrometry analysis) thermal analysis techniques in order to evaluate the abilities of carriers with different compositions in retaining and in releasing the core vs. dynamic heating. Thermal analysis was useful to evaluate the physico-chemical interactions between the core and carriers and to determine the protective effect of the carriers on the evaporation of essential oil.

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Abstract  

Inclusion complexes of Lippia sidoides essential oil and β-cyclodextrin were obtained by slurry method and its solid powdered form was prepared using spray drying. The influence of the spray drying, as well as the different essential oil:β-cyclodextrin ratio on the characteristics of the final product was investigated. With regard to the total oil retention 1:10 mass/mass ratio as optimal was found between the essential oil and β-cyclodextrin. Thermoanalytical techniques (TG, EGD, TG-MS) were used to support the formation of inclusion complex and to examine their physicochemical properties after accelerated storage conditions. It may be assumed that the thermal properties of the complexes were influenced not only by the different essential oil/ β-cyclodextrin ratio but also by the storage conditions. In the aspect of their thermal stabilities, complex prepared with 1:10 m/m ratio (essential oil:β-cyclodextrin) was the most stable one.

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Abstract  

Thermoanalytical techniques, being rapid and un-expensive have been used for the investigation of the cyclodextrin inclusion complexes for three decades. The conventional thermoanalytical techniques (TG and DTA/DSC) follow the thermal properties of the uncomplexed compounds. Consequently, the inclusion complex formation as well as the liberation of the entrapped guest cannot be followed. Monitoring the products of the thermal fragmentation of parent cyclodextrin and the included molecule(s), applying TG-MS combined technique provides evidence concerning the inclusion complex formation, and besides, gives selective signal to follow the decomposition of the cyclodextrin inclusion complexes. b-cyclodextrin inclusion complexes of Thymol and Lippia sidoides Cham essential oil extract have been prepared and investigated using conventional and combined (TG-MS) thermoanalytical techniques. The evolved gas analysis proved the inclusion complex formation between the host and guests. By the evaluation of the experimental results the elaboration of the entrapped guests from the cyclodextrin cavity could be followed.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: M. R. Serafini, P. P. Menezes, L. P. Costa, C. M. Lima, L. J. Quintans Jr, J. C. Cardoso, J. R. Matos, J. L. Soares-Sobrinho, S. Grangeiro Jr, P. S. Nunes, L. R. Bonjadim, and A. A. S. Araújo

. Fernandes LP , Oliveira WP , Sztatisz J , Szilágyi IM , Cs. Novák . Solid state studies on molecular inclusions of Lippia sidoides essential oil obtained by spray drying . J Therm Anal Calorim, 2009 ; 95 ( 3 ): 855 – 63

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Cheila G. Mothé, Michelle G. Mothé, Alan T. Riga, and Kenneth S. Alexander

Anal Calorim . 2004 ; 75 : 269 – 276 . 10.1023/B:JTAN.0000017348.24541.fa . 2. Brito , MB . The action modes of Lippia Sidoides (Cham) essential oil as penetration enhancers on snake

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Ellen Denise P. Almeida, Adjane A. Costa, Mairim R. Serafini, Fábia C. Rossetti, Juliana M. Marchetti, Victor Hugo V. Sarmento, Rogéria de S. Nunes, Mário Ernesto G. Valerio, Adriano A.S. Araújo, and Ana Amélia M. Lira

, Nunes , RS . 2009 The action modes of Lippia sidoides (Cham) essential oil as penetration enhancers on snake skin . J Therm Anal Calorim. 97 : 1 323 – 327 . 10.1007/s10973-008-9669-8 . 13

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