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. Clitic phenomena in European languages 2000 Kochovska, Slavica 2010. Macedonian direct objects, clitics and the left periphery. Doctoral

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Remittances Flows from Germany to Macedonia . Paper presented at the Conference on Economic Policy and Global Recession, organised by the European Association for Comparative Economic Studies, Belgrade, 25–27 September

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Summary Initially, the paper “Ethnic Stereotypes in the Macedonian Folklore and their Reflection in the Macedonian Contemporary Literature' is focusing on the ethnic stereotypes in folklore, knowing that it often reflects the historical reality in a fuller, more penetrating way than the other sources. In the Macedonian folklore, the positive image and the epic glorification of the Macedonian heroes are opposed to the manifested negative judgments about Others (mostly Turks and Arabs), often based upon ethnic stereotypes. The treatment of the motifs and the characters in them are quite typicalized and even overproportioned by frequent usage of hyperbolas and contrasts. The paper presents Bolen Dojcin and Marko Krale as typical heroes whose images succumb to stereotyping and the Crna Arapina as the perfect depiction of their enemy. These folklore images and stereotypes have significant implications and reflections in the Macedonian contemporary literature, especially in the poetry, so in the major part of the paper it deals mostly with these expressions. One of the main reasons for the usage of these “old-fashioned' stereotypes is to provoke familiar images in the people's minds (both good and evil), and to use this touch of the tradition as a base for the new ideas and poetry innovations. This paper pursues their transformations in the contemporary poetry of a few Macedonian authors, such as Blaze Koneski, Vlada Urosevic, Radovan Pavlovski and others. We read their poetry as intertext, namely as restoration and resemantisation of the traditional oral poetry, and we follow up the modifications done in their composition, versification and basic poetry idea. Apart from the poetry, these images and stereotypes taken from the Macedonian folklore can be noted in the other genres of the Macedonian contemporary literature, who enclose rereading of the ethnic stereotypes, upgrading of mythical fables, unconventional, unconditional and often very complexed usage of the folklore elements, symbols, myths or motifs. The paper leads to the conclusion that Macedonian folklore accumulates knowledge and image of the Other, but at the same time abounds with ethnical stereotypes. In the text, they were viewed through their manifestations and their alterations mainly in contemporary Macedonian poetry, through a number of paradigms and poetic concepts, highlighting their ability to make use of the spirit of the tradition as fundamentals for the fresh ideas and expressive innovations.

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evolve new procedures for scrutinizing, ex ante and in-house, the compatibility of new law with Convention rights. 11 Meanwhile, Article 118 of the Constitution of the Republic of North Macedonia

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Summary This paper explores the specific relation of ambiguity with the other Slavic peoples, reflected in some concrete works from Macedonian literature. First of all, it gives some details, analyses and thoughts about the enigma of Slavic Unity, or the philological concept, or whatever it is. The paper constitutes an effort to demonstrate that in Macedonian culture there is a controversial attitude towards the concept of Slavism, and that the stereotypes connected with it give material to speak about the tendency of re-evaluation of this idea, from the level of cultural community to the level of absolute diversity. The stereotypes of the other Slavic peoples show two opposite tensions: first, they show the close, familiar and friendly approach, and from the other side, they confirm that there is strong ironical and critical, even phobic position. The topics of the discussion are drawn from The Enigmatic Concept of Slavism, The Image of the Russian and Ukrainian Immigrant in the Macedonian Novel and The Stereotype of the Slavic Woman. Those topics are discussed in the examples drawn from contemporary Macedonian literature, or more precisely in the following works: the drama The Slavic Coffin (1996) by Venko Andonovski, and the novels Aquamarin (2004) by Tanja Urosevik, The Wife of the Whiteguard (2001) by Srbo Ivanovski, and Prostate Juice (1990) by Jovan Pavlovski. The conclusion of the paper is that the Slavism as historical and philological cultural community should be evaluated only with a comprehensive understanding of the diversity of many various national identities.

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The investigations of seismicity, tectonics and geology of the territory of Republic of Macedonia that have been performed so far have pointed out the direct relationship between the earthquake occurrence and tectonic processes. To define a seismogene source and earthquake occurrence, it is necessary to know the geological evolution of the terrain particularly in contemporary conditions. In the investigated area, earthquakes have exclusively been of a tectonic origin wherefore the greatest attention has been paid to the activity of the fault structures in the Vardar zone, the correlation between the epicenters of occurred earthquakes and the geological media through which the seismic waves propagate. The seismotectonic map of the Vardar zone clearly shows that the stretching direction of the fault structures correlates with the epicenters of occurred earthquakes. The seismicity model formulated on the basis of data from the seismological and seismotectonic investigations of the region has been the starting point in defining the seismic hazard. Two approaches have been proposed for definition of a seismic model to be used in defining the seismic hazard. A comparison between these models has also been made.

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. Interethnic Relations and Minorities in the Republic of Macedonia . Skopje, 2001 . OSMANI 1995 OSMANI Z

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Asphalt paved roads prematurely exhibit a cracking pattern similar to that in the old underlying pavement. The cracking in the new overlay surface is due to the inability of the overlay to withstand shear and tensile stresses created by movements concentrated around preexisting cracks in the underlying pavement. This movement may be due to traffic loading causing differential deflections at cracks in the underlying pavement layers, expansion or contraction of subgrade soils, expansion or contraction of the pavement itself due to changes in temperature, or combinations of these phenomena. Due to heavy deformation of asphalt paved surface, using European funds, the Government of Macedonia initiated rehabilitation of Corridor X close to the Tetovo section. For the reconstruction of this important section of the motorway, an experimental programme was conducted to determine the effects of geogrid reinforcement on mitigating reflection cracking in asphalt overlays. The objective of this study is to assess the inclusion of geogrid in the pavement cross-section and the accumulation of permanent deformation. The geogrid position, type of existing pavement, temperature, and joint/crack opening were analyzed in three site trial tests. Crack propagation under repeated loading was monitored as well. The results indicate a significant reduction in the rate of crack propagation in reinforced samples compared to unreinforced samples of old asphalt pavement. The presented pavement design procedure could be tailored to the specific needs of the project and implemented in various road rehabilitation projects.

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The distribution and origin of 40K, 226Ra, 228Ra and 137Cs has been investigated in trees, mosses and lichens in the basin of the West Macedonia Lignite Centre. In tree leaves 137Cs is negligible, while the 226Ra and 228Ra concentrations are affected by the fly ash particles. Concerning 226Ra and 228Ra values of mosses and lichens, which are systematically larger than those of unpolluted areas, the application of chemometrics proved that they originate mainly from the lignite fly ash.

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The distribution of 3497 Staphylococcus aureus strains according to methicillin resistance, specimens, departmental profession and antibiotic resistance patterns was analysed. The strains were cultured from the patients of the Clinical Center of Skopje, Macedonia, between 1 January 2002 and 31 December 2004. The majority of the isolates was obtained from suppurated wounds (28.5%), nares (21%), intratracheal tubes (13%) and blood cultures (11.8%). Overall 1100 (31.4%) of the isolates was methicillin-resistant with 1 µg oxacillin disc. Of these 35.5%, 30.5% and 10.4% were cultured from wounds, intratracheal tubes and blood samples, respectively. The prevalence of MRSA strains was 78.6%, 75%, 44.2% and 37.3% in specimens of ICU, Coma Center, General Surgery and Haematology patients. There were extremely big differences in the frequency of MRSA between departments with particular specialisation. The 2397 MSSA isolates belonged to practically one antibiotic resistance pattern characterised with penicillin resistance and susceptibility to other antistaphylococcal drugs. The 1100 MRSA isolates distributed to four antibiotic resistance patterns on the basis of their resistance to oxacillin, penicillin, amoxicillin+clavulanic acid, azithromycin, clindamycin, amikacin, gentamicin, ciprofloxacin, trimethoprim+sulphamethoxasole, vancomycin and teicoplanin. All the MRSA isolates were multidrug resistant but sensitive to glycopeptides.

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